Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest

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Yugoslavia
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia
Flag
(1961–1991)
Flag
(1992)
Member stationYugoslav Radio Television (JRT)
National selection events
Participation summary
Appearances27
First appearance1961
Last appearance1992
Best result1st: 1989
Worst resultLast: 1964
Nul points: 1964
External links
Yugoslavia's page at Eurovision.tv
Song contest current event.png For the most recent participation see
Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992
Vice Vukov performing "Čežnja" in Naples
Eva Sršen performing "Pridi, dala ti bom cvet" in Amsterdam

Yugoslavia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 27 times, debuting in 1961 and competing every year until its last appearance in 1992, with the exceptions of 1977–1980 and 1985. Yugoslavia won the 1989 contest and hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 1990.

Ljiljana Petrović was Yugoslavia's first entrant in the contest in 1961 and placed eighth. In 1962, Lola Novaković gave the country its first top five result, finishing fourth. This would remain Yugoslavia's only top five result until 1983, when Danijel finished fourth with the song "Džuli". Novi Fosili also finished fourth in 1987 with "Ja sam za ples". In 1989, the country achieved its only victory in the contest, when Riva won with the song "Rock Me".

History[edit]

1961–1991: Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia[edit]

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) debuted in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1961 along with Spain and Finland. The national pre-selection organized by the Yugoslav broadcaster Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT) was Jugovizija, and it featured entries submitted by the subnational public broadcasting centers based in the capitals of each of the constituent republics of the Yugoslav federation: SR Bosnia and Herzegovina (RTV Sarajevo), SR Croatia (RTV Zagreb and RTV Split[1]), SR Macedonia (RTV Skopje), SR Montenegro (RTV Titograd), SR Serbia (RTV Belgrade) and SR Slovenia (RTV Ljubljana) and also the broadcasting services of the autonomous provinces within SR Serbia: SAP Kosovo (RTV Priština) and SAP Vojvodina (RTV Novi Sad).[2] The first to compete in 1961 were Belgrade, Ljubljana and Zagreb, while the others joined in the following years.[2]

During its existence, SFR Yugoslavia was represented by a variety of artists from five of the eight Yugoslav federal units. These artists were from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia, with Macedonia, Vojvodina, and Kosovo never passing the national pre-selection. Croatia was the most successful constituent republic, as its performers won the national contest 13 out of the 26 times SFR Yugoslavia took part in the contest. From 1977 to 1980, and in 1985, Yugoslavia didn't participate in the contest.

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia won the Eurovision Song Contest 1989 with the song "Rock Me" by the group Riva. Following the rules of the contest, the Eurovision Song Contest 1990 took place in Zagreb, as the entry came from Croatia.

1992: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia[edit]

During the process of breakup of SFR Yugoslavia in 1991, the former constituent republics: Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia proclaimed independence and hence withdrew from Jugovizija, while the then-leaderships of Serbia and Montenegro agreed to maintain a close alliance. On 28 March 1992, the republics that still (at least formally) constituted the fading and shrunken former Yugoslav federation took part in 1992 Jugovizija held in Belgrade. It included artists not only from Serbia and Montenegro, but also from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Although the latter declared independence on 1 March of that year. Among it candidates was Alma Čardžić.[3] The winner of that pre-selection was "Ljubim te pesmama" performed by Extra Nena (Snežana Berić) from Serbia.[4] Before that year's ESC took place, on 28 April, a new federative state was formed consisting of Serbia and Montenegro called Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which was represented by the previously mentioned Extra Nena in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992 held on 9 May.[5][6][7]Yugoslavia was banned from participating in the Song Contest until 2004 due to UN sanctions during the Yugoslav Wars.

1993–present: After the breakup of SFRY[edit]

After the dissolution of SFR Yugoslavia its former constituent republics proclaimed independence. The once subnational public radio and TV stations changed to national but under new names, including: RTV Slovenia, HRT, RTS, MKRTV and so on. Since joining the EBU respectively, all of the ex-Yugoslav countries have participated in the Eurovision Song Contest: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia.

Overall the results of the new republics have been mixed: Croatia had some top 10 finishes in the mid-1990s, and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina have enjoyed high scores in the 2000s, while the Republic of Macedonia has never secured a top 10 result despite making it through to the final each year until 2008, in which it lost at the semi-final stage. In 2004, the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro debuted and came in 2nd and in 2007, Montenegro joined the contest but failed to qualify for the final, while Serbia won the Eurovision Song Contest the first time it entered as an independent nation. In 2013, no ex-Yugoslav country secured a spot in the final, as Bosnia & Herzegovina withdrew before the contest began, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia all failed to qualify in the first semi-final and Macedonia failed to qualify in the second semi-final.

Contestants[edit]

The following lists the 27 contestants that won the local competition and went on to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. Note that the selected entries of 1978–1980 and 1985 did not actually compete at the contest, as Yugoslavia did not participate during those years because of internal political reasons.[specify] Yugoslavia is one of the few countries that have sent all the songs in one of the official languages.

Table key
  Winner
  Second place
  Third place
  Last place
  Withdrew/Disqualified
YearArtistFederal unitLanguageTitlePlacePoints
1961Ljiljana PetrovićSerbiaSerbian"Neke davne zvezde" (Неке давне звезде)89
1962Lola Novaković"Ne pali svetlo u sumrak" (Не пали светло у сумрак)410
1963Vice VukovCroatiaCroatian"Brodovi"113
1964Sabahudin KurtBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian"Život je sklopio krug" (Живот је склопио круг)130
1965Vice VukovCroatiaCroatian"Čežnja"122
1966Berta AmbrožSloveniaSlovene"Brez besed"79
1967Lado Leskovar"Vse rože sveta"87
1968Dubrovački trubaduriCroatiaCroatian"Jedan dan"78
1969Ivan & 4M"Pozdrav svijetu"135
1970Eva SršenSloveniaSlovene"Pridi, dala ti bom cvet"114
1971Kićo SlabinacCroatiaCroatian"Tvoj dječak je tužan"1468
1972Tereza Kesovija"Muzika i ti"987
1973Zdravko ČolićBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian"Gori vatra" (Гори ватра)1565
1974Korni GrupaSerbiaSerbian"Moja generacija" (Моја генерација)126
1975Pepel in kriSloveniaSlovene"Dan ljubezni"1322
1976AmbasadoriBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian"Ne mogu skriti svoju bol" (Не могу скрити своју бол)1710
Did not participate from 1977 to 1980
1981VajtaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian"Lejla" (Лејла)1535
1982AskaSerbiaSerbian"Halo, Halo" (Хало, хало)1421
1983DanijelMontenegroMontenegrin"Džuli" (Џули)4125
1984Vlado & Isolda"Ciao, amore"1826
19851Zorica Kondža feat. Josip GendaCroatiaCroatian"Pokora"Withdrawn
1986Doris DragovićCroatiaCroatian"Željo moja"1149
1987Novi fosili"Ja sam za ples"492
1988Srebrna krila"Mangup"687
1989RivaCroatiaCroatian, English"Rock Me"1137
1990TajčiCroatiaCroatian"Hajde da ludujemo"781
1991Baby DollSerbiaSerbian"Brazil" (Бразил)211
1992Extra Nena"Ljubim te pesmama" (Љубим те песмама)1344
NOTES:
1 ^ Yugoslavia intended to enter the contest in 1985, however due to national memorial day for 5 years of anniversary of death of Josip Broz Tito being held in the country, broadcasting any musical program wasn't allowed and JRT was forced to withdraw.

Voting history[edit]

Between 1961 and 1991, Yugoslavia's voting history was as follows:

Hostings[edit]

YearLocationVenuePresenters
1990Zagreb, SR CroatiaVatroslav Lisinski Concert HallHelga Vlahović Brnobić and Oliver Mlakar

Commentators and spokespeople[edit]

Year(s)Serbian commentatorCroatian commentatorSlovene commentatorSpokesperson
1961Ljubomir VukadinovićGordana BonettiTomaž TerčekSaša Novak
1962Mladen Delić
1963Miloje Orlović
1964Miloje OrlovićSaša Novak
1965Mladen DelićLjubo Jelčić
1966Dragana Marković
1967Saša Novak
1968Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova
1969Gordana Bonetti
1970Milovan IlićOliver MlakarDragana Marković
1971No spokesperson
1972
1973
1974Helga Vlahović
1975Dragana Marković
1976Viktor Blažič
1977Did not participate
1978
1979
1980
1981Mladen PopovićHelga Vlahović
1982Miša Molk
1983Boško Negovanović
1984Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova
1985No broadcastDid not participate
1986Mladen PopovićOliver MlakarMiša MolkEnver Petrovci
1987Ljiljana Tipsarević
1988Slobodan KaloperMiša Molk
1989Miša MolkDijana Čulić
1990Branko UvodićDrago Čulina
1991Ksenija UrličićMebrura Topolovac
1992Separate countriesVeselin Mrđen
1993No broadcastDid not participate
1994Mladen Popović
1995
1996
1997Nikola Nešković
1998Vojislav Pantić
1999No broadcast
2000
2001Unknown
2002Mladen Popović
  • Due to Croatia and Slovenia becoming independent countries in the breakup of Yugoslavia, in 1992 there was no Croatian or Slovene commentator.

Conductors[edit]

All conductors are listed by their republic flags. All but one conductor was Yugoslav.

  • Socialist Republic of Slovenia Jože Privšek (1961–62)
  • Socialist Republic of Croatia Miljenko Prohaska (1963, 1968–69, 1971)
  • Socialist Republic of Serbia Radivoje Spasić (1964–65)
  • Socialist Republic of Slovenia Mojmir Sepe (1966, 1970)
  • Socialist Republic of Slovenia Mario Rijavec (1967, 1975)
  • Socialist Republic of Croatia Nikica Kalogjera (1972, 1986–89)
  • Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Esad Arnautalić (1973, 1976)
  • Socialist Republic of Serbia Zvonimir Skerl (1974, 1982)
  • Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ranko Rihtman (1981)
  • Socialist Republic of Montenegro Radovan Papović (1983)
  • Socialist Republic of Croatia Mato Došen (1984)
  • Socialist Republic of Croatia Igor Kuljerić (musical director in 1990)
  • Socialist Republic of Croatia Stjepan Mihaljinec (1990)
  • Socialist Republic of Serbia Slobodan Marković (1991)
  • Sweden Anders Berglund (1992)

Non-participating years[edit]

In all, Yugoslavia did not participate in 5 contests: from 1977 to 1980 and again in 1985, due to national memorial day for 5 years of anniversary of death of Josip Broz Tito being held in the country.[8]

Despite this Yugoslavia have had organized national finale for 1978, 1979, 1980 as part of Opatija music festival (Dani Jugoslovenske Zabavne Muzike). Opatija was not held in 1977.

YearArtistTitle
1978Oliver Dragojević"Zbogom ostaj ljubavi" (Goodbye my love)
1979Novi Fosili"Sklopi oči" (Close your eyes)
1980Novi Fosili"Najdraže moje" (My favourites)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2008.
  2. ^ a b Jugovizija statistics by year Archived 26 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Eurodalmatia official ESC fan club, Dalmatia, Croatia
  3. ^ Alma Čardžić Bio – Official Site (in Bosnian) (in Turkish)
  4. ^ Extra Nena Bio – Official Site (in Serbian) (in English)
  5. ^ "Eurovision Trivia: Did you know..." BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
  6. ^ Klier, Marcus (28 September 2007). "Interview with Extra Nena". ESCToday. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
  7. ^ Deniz, Jose Miguel Galvan (14 March 2005). "Eurovision shows political side". BBC News. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
  8. ^ "History – Eurovision Song Contest 1985". Eurovision.tv. Archived from the original on 26 September 2008.

External links[edit]