United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

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United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
(2d Cir.)
Seal of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.svg
LocationThurgood Marshall U.S. Courthouse
Appeals from
EstablishedJune 16, 1891
Circuit JusticeRuth Bader Ginsburg
Chief JudgeRobert A. Katzmann

The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (in case citations, 2d Cir.) is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals. Its territory comprises the states of Connecticut, New York, and Vermont, and the court has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:

The Second Circuit has its clerk's office and hears oral arguments at the Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse at 40 Foley Square in Lower Manhattan. Due to renovations at that building, from 2006 until early 2013, the court temporarily relocated to the Daniel Patrick Moynihan United States Courthouse across Pearl Street from Foley Square, and certain court offices temporarily relocated to the Woolworth Building at 233 Broadway.[1]

Several notable judges have served on the Second Circuit, including three later named Associate Justices of the United States Supreme Court: John Marshall Harlan II, Thurgood Marshall, and Sonia Sotomayor. Judge Learned Hand served on the court from 1924 to 1961, as did his cousin, Augustus Noble Hand, from 1927 until 1953. Judge Henry Friendly served from 1959 to 1986.

Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse at 40 Centre Street.

Current composition of the court[edit]

Daniel Patrick Moynihan United States Courthouse at 500 Pearl Street; the court's former temporary home.

As of August 31, 2018, the active judges on the court are as follows:[2][3] Eleven former circuit judges continue to serve on senior status:

#TitleJudgeDuty stationBornTerm of serviceAppointed by
59Chief JudgeRobert KatzmannNew York, NY19531999–present2013–presentClinton
50Circuit JudgeDennis JacobsNew York, NY19441992–present2006–2013G.H.W. Bush
53Circuit JudgeJosé A. CabranesNew Haven, CT19401994–presentClinton
55Circuit JudgeRosemary S. PoolerSyracuse, NY19381998–presentClinton
63Circuit JudgePeter W. HallRutland, VT19482004–presentG.W. Bush
64Circuit JudgeDebra Ann LivingstonNew York, NY19592007–presentG.W. Bush
66Circuit JudgeDenny ChinNew York, NY19542010–presentObama
67Circuit JudgeRaymond LohierNew York, NY19652010–presentObama
68Circuit JudgeSusan L. CarneyNew Haven, CT19512011–presentObama
69Circuit JudgeChristopher F. DroneyHartford, CT19542011–presentObama
70Circuit JudgeRichard J. SullivanNew York, NY19642018–presentTrump
71Circuit Judgevacant
72Circuit Judgevacant
39Senior Circuit JudgeJon O. NewmanHartford, CT19321979–19971993–19971997–presentCarter
40Senior Circuit JudgeAmalya Lyle KearseNew York, NY19371979–20022002–presentCarter
43Senior Circuit JudgeRalph K. Winter Jr.New Haven, CT19351981–20001997–20002000–presentReagan
48Senior Circuit JudgeJohn M. Walker Jr.New Haven, CT19401989–20062000–20062006–presentG.H.W. Bush
51Senior Circuit JudgePierre N. LevalNew York, NY19361993–20022002–presentClinton
52Senior Circuit JudgeGuido CalabresiNew Haven, CT19321994–20092009–presentClinton
56Senior Circuit JudgeChester J. Straubinactive[4]19371998–20082008–presentClinton
57Senior Circuit JudgeRobert D. SackNew York, NY19391998–20092009–presentClinton
60Senior Circuit JudgeBarrington Daniels Parker Jr.New York, NY19442001–20092009–presentG.W. Bush
61Senior Circuit JudgeReena RaggiBrooklyn, NY19512002–20182018–presentG.W. Bush
62Senior Circuit JudgeRichard C. WesleyGeneseo, NY19492003–20162016–presentG.W. Bush
65Senior Circuit JudgeGerard E. LynchNew York, NY19512009–20162016–presentObama

Vacancies and pending nominations[edit]

SeatPrior Judge's Duty StationSeat last held byVacancy reasonDate of vacancyNomineeDate of nomination
8New York, NYGerard E. LynchSenior statusSeptember 5, 2016Michael H. ParkNovember 13, 2018
10Brooklyn, NYReena RaggiAugust 31, 2018Joseph F. Bianco

List of former judges[edit]

#JudgeStateBorn–diedActive serviceChief JudgeSenior statusAppointed byReason for
1William James WallaceNY1837–19171891–1907[Note 1] Arthurretirement
2Emile Henry LacombeNY1846–19241891–1916[Note 2] Clevelandretirement
3Nathaniel ShipmanCT1828–19061892–1902B. Harrisonretirement
4William Kneeland TownsendCT1849–19071902–1907T. Rooseveltdeath
5Alfred Conkling Coxe Sr.NY1847–19231902–1917T. Rooseveltretirement
6Henry Galbraith WardNY1851–19331907–1921[5]1921–1924T. Rooseveltretirement
7Walter Chadwick NoyesCT1865–19261907–1913[5]T. Rooseveltresignation
8Henry Wade RogersCT1853–19261913–1926 Wilsondeath
9Charles Merrill HoughNY1858–19271916–1927 Wilsondeath
10Martin Thomas MantonNY1880–19461918–1939 Wilsonresignation
11Julius Marshuetz MayerNY1865–19251921–1924 Hardingresignation
12Learned HandNY1872–19611924–19511948–19511951–1961 Coolidgedeath
13Thomas Walter SwanCT1877–19751926–19531951–19531953–1975 Coolidgedeath
14Augustus Noble HandNY1869–19541927–19531953–1954 Coolidgedeath
15Harrie B. ChaseVT1889–19691929–19541953–19541954–1969 Coolidgedeath
16Charles Edward ClarkCT1889–19631939–19631954–1959F. Rooseveltdeath
17Robert P. PattersonNY1891–19521939–1940F. Rooseveltresignation
18Jerome FrankNY1889–19571941–1957F. Rooseveltdeath
19Harold MedinaNY1888–19901951–19581958–1980 Trumanretirement
20Carroll C. HincksCT1889–19641953–19591959–1964 Eisenhowerdeath
21John Marshall Harlan IINY1899–19711954–1955 Eisenhowerelevated to Supreme Court
22Joseph Edward LumbardNY1901–19991955–19711959–19711971–1999 Eisenhowerdeath
23Sterry R. WatermanVT1901–19841955–19701970–1984 Eisenhowerdeath
24Leonard P. MooreNY1898–19821957–19711971–1982 Eisenhowerdeath
25Henry FriendlyNY1903–19861959–19741971–19731974–1986 Eisenhowerdeath
26John Joseph SmithCT1904–19801960–19711971–1980 Eisenhowerdeath
27Irving KaufmanNY1910–19921961–19871973–19801987–1992 Kennedydeath
28Paul R. HaysNY1903–19801961–19741974–1980 Kennedydeath
29Thurgood MarshallNY1908–19931961–1965 Kennedyresignation
30Robert P. AndersonCT1906–19781964–19711971–1978L. Johnsondeath
31Wilfred FeinbergNY1920–20141966–19911980–19881991–2014L. Johnsondeath
32Walter Roe MansfieldNY1911–19871971–19811981–1987 Nixondeath
33William Hughes MulliganNY1918–19961971–1981 Nixonresignation
34James Lowell OakesVT1924–20071971–19921988–19921992–2007 Nixondeath
35William Homer TimbersCT1915–19941971–19811981–1994 Nixondeath
36Murray Irwin GurfeinNY1907–19791974–1979 Nixondeath
37Ellsworth Van GraafeilandNY1915–20041974–19851985–2004 Forddeath
38Thomas Joseph MeskillCT1928–20071975–19931992–19931993–2007 Forddeath
41Richard J. CardamoneNY1925–20151981–19931993–2015 Reagandeath
42Lawrence W. PierceNY1924–present1981–19901990–1995 Reaganretirement
44George C. PrattNY1928–present1982–19931993–1995 Reaganretirement
45Roger MinerNY1934–20121985–19971997–2012 Reagandeath
46Frank X. AltimariNY1928–19981985–19961996–1998 Reagandeath
47John Daniel MahoneyNY1931–19961986–1996 Reagandeath
49Joseph M. McLaughlinNY1933–20131990–19981998–2013 G.H.W. Bushdeath
54Fred I. ParkerVT1938–20031994–2003 Clintondeath
58Sonia SotomayorNY1954–present1998–2009 Clintonelevated to Supreme Court
  1. ^ Wallace was appointed as a circuit judge for the Second Circuit in 1882 by Chester A. Arthur. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to what is now the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
  2. ^ Lacombe was appointed as a circuit judge for the Second Circuit in 1887 by Grover Cleveland. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to what is now the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.

Chief judge[edit]

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

The court has thirteen seats for active judges, numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into senior status remain on the bench but leave their seat vacant. That seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the president.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Facelift Scheduled for Federal Courthouse - The New York Sun". www.nysun.com. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  2. ^ "Standard Search". Federal Law Clerk Information System. Archived from the original on October 21, 2005. Retrieved May 29, 2005.
  3. ^ "Instructions for Judicial Directory". Website of the University of Texas Law School. Archived from the original on November 11, 2005. Retrieved July 4, 2005.
  4. ^ "New York Law Journal". New York Law Journal. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  5. ^ a b Recess appointment, confirmed by the United States Senate at a later date.

External links[edit]