Southern boobook

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Southern boobook
Boobook (7126975261).jpg
Subspecies boobook,
Downfall Creek Reserve, Brisbane
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Strigiformes
Family:Strigidae
Genus:Ninox
Species:N. boobook
Binomial name
Ninox boobook
(Latham, 1801)
Subspecies

11, see text

Ninoxboobook.png
     N.b.boobook,      N.b.ocellata,
     N.b.halmaturina,      N.b.lurida,
     N.b.fusca,      N.b.pusilla,
     N.b. plesseni,      N.b.rotiensis,
     N.b.moae,      N.b.cinnamomina
Synonyms[2][3]

Strix boobook Latham, 1801
Athene marmorata Gould, 1846
Athene ocellata Bonaparte, 1850
Ieraglaux (Spiloglaux) bubuk Kaup, 1852
Strix novaehollandiae Strickland, 1855
Ninox boobook mixta Mathews, 1912
Ninox boobook melvillensis Mathews, 1912
Ninox boobook macgillivrayi Mathews, 1912
Spiloglaux boobook tregellasi Mathews, 1913
Spiloglaux novaeseelandiae everardi Mathews, 1913
Ninox yorki Cayley, 1929
Ninox ooldeaensis Cayley, 1929
Ninox novaeseelandiae aridaMayr, 1943
Spiloglaux boobook parocellataMathews, 1946

The southern boobook (Ninox boobook) is a species of owl native to mainland Australia, southern New Guinea, the island of Timor, and the Sunda Islands. Described by John Latham in 1801, it was generally considered to be the same species as the morepork of New Zealand until 1999. Its name is derived from its two-tone boo-book call. Eleven subspecies of the southern boobook are recognized, despite evidence that four have calls and genetics distinctive enough to warrant separate species status.

The smallest owl on the Australian mainland, the southern boobook is 27 to 36 cm (10.5 to 14 in) long, with predominantly dark-brown plumage with prominent pale spots. It has grey-green or yellow-green eyes. It is generally nocturnal, though is sometimes active at dawn and dusk, retiring to roost in secluded spots in the foliage of trees. The southern boobook feeds on insects and small vertebrates, hunting by pouncing on them from tree perches. Breeding takes place from late winter to early summer, using tree hollows as nesting sites. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed the southern boobook as being of least concern on account of its large range and apparently stable population.