Metopolophium dirhodum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigationJump to search

Metopolophium dirhodum
Metopolophium dirhodum (Rose grain aphid).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Euarthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Hemiptera
Suborder:Sternorrhyncha
Family:Aphididae
Genus:Metopolophium
Species:
M. dirhodum
Binomial name
Metopolophium dirhodum
(Walker, 1849)[1]
Synonyms
  • Aphis dirhoda Walker, 1849

Metopolophium dirhodum, the rose-grain aphid or rose-grass aphid, is a species of sap-sucking insect in the family Aphididae found worldwide.[1] Its primary host is rose, and its secondary host is a grass, including cereals such as wheat, barley, oats and rye. It is an important vector of the barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) which causes serious reductions in yields of affected crops.

Distribution[edit]

The rose-grass aphid has an almost cosmopolitan distribution, being found in most parts of the world where its secondary hosts are grown. It was first detected in New Zealand in 1982.[2]

Description[edit]

Wingless adults are between 2 and 3 mm (0.08 and 0.12 in) long, slender, glossy yellowish-green with a darker dorsal stripe. The antennae, legs and siphunculi (erect, backward-pointing tubes on the abdomen) are relatively long and pale in colour.[3] Winged individuals are between 1.6 and 3.3 mm (0.06 and 0.13 in) long and a uniform green colour.[3]

Life cycle[edit]

The species overwinters on rose, its primary host, as an egg. On hatching in the spring, rose-grain aphids feed on rose at first, but do not persist on it beyond about June in the northern hemisphere, dispersing to grasses and cereal crops in midsummer.[3] On its primary host, it is less harmful than is the rose aphid (Macrosiphum rosae), but in some years the plants may be littered with white nymphal cases and large numbers of winged females may develop in late spring and migrate in "clouds" to its secondary hosts.[3] Cereals that are used by this aphid as their secondary hosts include wheat, barley, oats and rye. Research in New Zealand showed that barley and oats were more affected by this pest than was wheat, possibly because the lower leaves of wheat, on which the aphids tended to congregate, became senescent early in the year, giving conditions unsuitable for the further growth of the aphid.[2]

Symptoms on cereals[edit]

Symptoms shown by the host plant include abnormally coloured and contorted foliage, deposits of honeydew with subsequent growth of sooty mould, yellowing of foliage and early senescence.[1] This aphid is one of the most important vectors of the barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Metopolophium dirhodum (rose-grass aphid)". Invasive Species Compendium. CABI. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  2. ^ a b Farrell, J.A.; Stufkens, M.W. (1988). Population density of the rose-grain aphid Metopolophium dirhodum on four cereal species in Canterbury. The Royal Society of New Zealand. pp. 299–300.
  3. ^ a b c d Alford, David V. (2012). Pests of Ornamental Trees, Shrubs and Flowers. CRC Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-1-84076-628-8.
  4. ^ Jaime, Tola. Assessment of Resistance and Inheritance to Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus Disease in Five Wheat Cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.): TAY8-E2N-42GJ. INIAP Archivo Historico. p. 4. GGKEY:5A5TC65N6F1.