List of National Defence Academy alumni

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The front view of the Sudan Block of the National Defence Academy.
The Sudan Block of NDA

The Indian National Defence Academy (NDA) is the joint services academy of the Indian Armed Forces, where cadets of the three armed forces (the Army, the Navy and the Air Force) train together before beginning pre-commission training at their respective service academies (Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), and Air Force Academy (AFA) for army, navy, and air force cadets respectively). Established in 1954 and located in vicinity of Khadakwasla Dam, near Pune, it is the world's first tri-service academy.[1][2]

NDA is not the only officer training academy in India. Besides NDA, which is tri-service academy, the Indian Army's IMA,[3] Officers Training Academy (OTA),[4][5] Army Cadet College (ACC), the Indian Navy's INA,[6] and the Air Force's AFA are the other officer training academies of India. Besides cadets from NDA, these academies accept cadets separately from several streams. Apart from these, the Indian Army has three establishments for technical stream which include College of Military Engineering (CME),[7] Military College of Telecommunication Engineering (MCTE),[8] and Military College of Electronics and Mechanical Engineering (MCEME).[9] Although cadets are imparted technical training at these three academies, they are commissioned through OTA, Gaya.[10] Excluding all these establishments, which are meant for combat arms, the Indian Army has other commissioning academies for support services such as the Medical Corps,[11] and the Judge Advocate General's Department for example.[12]

NDA alumni have led and participated in every major conflict in which the Indian Armed Forces have been called into action since the academy was founded.[1] Alumni include three Param Vir Chakra recipients and eleven Ashoka Chakra recipients.[13][14] The NDA has produced 30 service chiefs of staff, including the incumbent chiefs of staff of the Army, Navy and Air Force.[15]

Chiefs of staff[edit]

General Vijay Kumar Singh
General Vijay Kumar Singh
Admiral Arun Prakash
Admiral Arun Prakash
Admiral Robin Kumar Dhowan
Admiral Robin Kumar Dhowan
Admiral Sunil Lanba
Admiral Sunil Lanba
Air Chief Marshal Pradeep Vasant Naik
Air Chief Marshal Pradeep Vasant Naik
Air Chief Marshal Norman Anil Kumar Browne
Air Chief Marshal Norman Anil Kumar Browne
Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha
Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha

As of January 2017, the academy has produced twelve Chiefs of the Army Staff (COAS), ten Chiefs of the Naval Staff (CNS) and eight Chiefs of the Air Staff (CAS). All incumbent service chiefs (COAS Gen Bipin Rawat, CNS Adm Sunil Lanba and CAS ACM Birender Singh) are NDA alumni.[15]

Chiefs of the Army Staff[edit]

No.NameAwardsCourse numberNotes[15]
1Sunith Francis RodriguesPVSM,[a] VSM[b]132nd Governor of Punjab[16][17]
2Bipin Chandra JoshiPVSM, AVSM,[c] ADC[d]5[18][19]
3Shankar Roy ChowdhuryPVSM, ADC10Former Rajya Sabha member[20][21][22]
4Ved Prakash MalikPVSM, AVSM14[23][24]
5Sundararajan PadmanabhanPVSM, AVSM, VSM15[25]
6Nirmal Chander VijPVSM, UYSM,[e] AVSM21Former National Disaster Management Authority vice-chair; Vivekananda International Foundation director[26][27][28][29]
7Joginder Jaswant SinghPVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC2514th Governor of Arunachal Pradesh[30]
8Deepak KapoorPVSM, AVSM, SM, VSM, ADC30[31]
9Vijay Kumar SinghPVSM, AVSM, YSM,[f] ADC36Union Minister of State for External Affairs; Union Minister of State for Overseas Indian Affairs; Minister of State for Statistics and Programme Implementation; Former Minister for Development of North Eastern Region; Member of Indian Parliament for Ghaziabad[32][33][34][35]
10Bikram SinghPVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM, ADC40[36]
11Dalbir SinghPVSM, UYSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC44[37]
12Bipin RawatUYSM, AVSM, YSM, SM, VSM53Current COAS[38]

Chiefs of the Naval Staff[edit]

No.NameAwardsCourse numberNotes[15]
1Laxmi Narayan RamdasPVSM, AVSM, VrC,[g] VSM, ADC12004 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Peace and International Understanding[39]
2Vijai Singh ShekhawatPVSM, AVSM, VrC, ADC7Former Vice Chairman of Outward Bound India;[40] Vivekananda International Foundation advisory board member[41]
3Vishnu BhagwatPVSM, AVSM, ADC14[42]
4Sushil KumarPVSM, AVSM, UYSM, YSM, NM,[h] VSM, ADC16[43]
5Madhvendra SinghPVSM, AVSM, ADC20[28]
6Arun PrakashPVSM, AVSM, VrC, VSM, ADC26[44]
7Sureesh MehtaPVSM, AVSM, ADC29Former High Commissioner to New Zealand[45][46]
8Nirmal Kumar VermaPVSM, AVSM3524th High Commissioner to Canada[47][48]
9Robin Kumar DhowanPVSM, AVSM, YSM, ADC45[49]
10Sunil LanbaPVSM, AVSM, ADC51Current CNS[50]

Chiefs of the Air Staff[edit]

No.NameAwardsCourse numberNotes[15]
1Nirmal Chandra SuriPVSM, AVSM, VM,[i] ADC1[51]
2Swaroop Krishna KaulPVSM, MVC,[j] ADC5Maha Vir Chakra recipient[52]
3Satish Kumar SareenPVSM, AVSM, VM, ADC12[53]
4Anil Yashwant TipnisPVSM, AVSM, VM, ADC15[54]
5Pradeep Vasant NaikPVSM, VSM, ADC33[55]
6Norman Anil Kumar BrownePVSM, VM, ADC39Ambassador to Norway[56][57]
7Arup RahaPVSM, AVSM, VM, ADC44[58][15]
8Birender Singh DhanoaPVSM, AVSM, YSM, VM, ADC52Current CAS[59]

Wartime award recipients[edit]

As of October 2016, 3 Param Vir Chakras, 31 Maha Vir Chakras and 160 Vir Chakras have been awarded to NDA officers.[60]

Param Vir Chakra[edit]

Three officers from NDA have posthumously received the Param Vir Chakra, India's highest wartime gallantry award. All three were from the Army.[13]

No.NameCourse numberUnitYear[61]
1Gurbachan Singh Salaria103/1 Gorkha Rifles1961[62]
2Arun Khetarpal3817 Poona Horse1971[63]
3Manoj Kumar Pandey901/11 Gorkha Rifles1999[64]

Maha Vir Chakra[edit]

Thirty-one NDA officers have received the Maha Vir Chakra, India's second-highest wartime gallantry award: two from the Air Force, one from the Navy and the remainder from the Army. Ten received the award posthumously. Air Force squadron leader Padmanabha Gautam is the only NDA officer to receive the award twice, in 1965 and 1971 (posthumously).[65]

No.NameCourse numberUnitYear[66]
1Raj Mohan Vohra1Armoured Corps1971[67]
2Hanut Singh1Armoured Corps1971[68]
3Kulwant Singh Pannu1Infantry1971[69]
4Narinder Singh Sandhu2Infantry1971[70]
5Padmanabha Gautam3Indian Air Force1965, 1971[k][65]
6Sushil Kumar Mathur3Artillery1965[71][72]
7Sukhjit Singh4Armoured Corps1971[73]
8Shamsher Singh5Infantry1971[74]
9Raj Kumar Singh5Infantry1971[75]
10H. C. Pathak5Infantry1971[76]
11Swaroop Krishna Kaul5Indian Air Force1971[77][78]
12Ved Prakash Ghai5Infantry1971[k][79]
13Surinder Kapoor7Infantry1971[80]
14Ved Prakash Airy8Infantry1972[81]
15Bhaskar Roy9Armoured Corps1965[82]
16Daljit Singh Narang9Armoured Corps1972[k]
17Santosh Kumar Gupta10Indian Navy1971[83]
18Vijay Rattan Choudhry13Corps of Engineers1971
19Vijay Kumar Berry14Infantry1971[84]
20Manjit Singh19Infantry1987[85]
21Bhagwan Dutt Dogra20Infantry1962[86]
22Amarjit Singh Bal22Armoured Corps1971[87]
23Gautam Mubayi23Infantry1965[k][88]
24Pradip Kumar Gour25Infantry1971[89]
25Basdev Singh Mankotia28Infantry1971[90]
26S. K. Gupta30Infantry1971[k][66]
27Inder Bal Singh Bawa30Infantry1971[k][91]
28Devinder Singh Ahlawat31Infantry1971[k][92]
29Vivek Gupta802 Rajputana1999[k][93]
30Anuj Nayyar9017 Jat1999[k]
31Gurjinder Singh Suri9012 Bihar2001[k][94]
[l][m]

Vir Chakra[edit]

One hundred sixty NDA alumni have been awarded the Vir Chakra, India's third-highest wartime award. Of these, 96 are from the Army, 13 from the Navy and 51 from the Air Force. Notable recipients include Admiral Laxmi Narayan Ramdas, Admiral Vijai Singh Shekhawat and Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat.[95]

Peacetime award recipients[edit]

As of October 2016, 11 Ashok Chakras,[14] 40 Kirti Chakras,[96] and 135 Shaurya Chakras,[97] have been awarded to NDA officers.[60]

Ashok Chakra[edit]

Eleven NDA officers have received the Ashok Chakra, India's highest peacetime gallantry award. Of them, one is from the Air Force and the remainder are from the Army. Ten officers received the award posthumously.[60] Wing commander Rakesh Sharma of the Air Force is the only living NDA Air Force officer to receive the award.[98][99]

No.NameCourse numberUnitNotes
1Rakesh Sharma35Indian Air ForceOnly Indian national to go into space; Hero of the Soviet Union[98][99][100]
2Neelakantan Jayachandran Nair3816 Maratha Light Infantry1994;[k] Kirti Chakra (1983)[101][102]
3Sudhir Kumar Walia729 Para (SF)2000;[k] Sena Medal recipient[103][104]
4Arjun Singh Jasrotia739 Para (SF)1996;[k] Sena Medal recipient[103][105]
5Rajiv Kumar Joon7822 Grenadiers1995;[k] Shaurya Chakra recipient[106][107]
6Rakesh Singh7922 Grenadiers1993[k][108][101]
7Puneet Nath Datt871/11 Gorkha Rifles1997[k][109]
8Mohit Sharma951 Para (SF)2010;[k] Sena Medal recipient[110][111]
9Dinesh Raghu Raman95Rashtriya Rifles2008;[k] COAS commendation[112][113]
10Sandeep Unnikrishnan947 Bihar
51 SAG (NSG)
2009,[k] Operation Black Tornado[114][115][116][117]
11Radhakrishnan Nair Harshan1012 Para (SF)2007[k][118]
[l][m]

Kirti Chakra[edit]

Forty NDA alumni have received the Kirti Chakra, India's second-highest peacetime gallantry award. Of these, seven are from the Air Force and the remainder from the Army.[96] Notable recipients include Colonel Neelakantan Jayachandran Nair, who is also an Ashok Chakra recipient.[102]

Shaurya Chakra[edit]

A total of 135 NDA alumni have received the Shaurya Chakra, India's third-highest peacetime gallantry award. Eighty-nine are from the Army, 18 from the Navy and 28 from the Air Force.[97] Notable recipients include Major Rajiv Kumar Joon, who is also an Ashok Chakra recipient.[119]

Others[edit]

Colonel Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
Colonel Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
No.NameMilitary awardsCourse numberNotes
1Arogyaswami PaulrajAVSM, VSM25Professor Emeritus, Stanford University, USA; Padma Bhushan recipient; 2011 IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal; 2014 Marconi Prize; Developed MIMO wireless technology widely used in 4G and WiFi devices[120][121]
2Rajyavardhan Singh RathoreAVSM79Minister of State for Information & Broadcasting; Member of Parliament from Jaipur, Rajasthan; Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award recipient; Padma Shri recipient; Arjuna Award recipient; Silver medal in men's double trap at the 2004 Summer Olympics; 3 gold medals and 1 silver medal in the Commonwealth Games;[n] 1 silver and 1 bronze medal in the Asian Games[o][122][123][124][125][126][127][128]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ PVSM—Param Vishisht Seva Medal
  2. ^ VSM—Vishisht Seva Medal
  3. ^ AVSM—Ati Vishisht Seva Medal
  4. ^ ADC—Aide-de-camp
  5. ^ UYSM—Uttam Yudh Seva Medal
  6. ^ YSM—Yudh Seva Medal
  7. ^ VrC—Vir Chakra
  8. ^ NM—Nao Sena Medal
  9. ^ VM—Vayusena Medal
  10. ^ MVC—Maha Vir Chakra
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Posthumous
  12. ^ a b List arranged by course number, then by rank.
  13. ^ a b Rank is that held by the officer on the date of the award or action.
  14. ^ Two gold medals: one in double trap individual and double trap pairs at the 2002 Commonwealth Games. One gold and one silver medal in double trap individual and double trap pairs, respectively, at the 2006 Commonwealth Games.
  15. ^ One silver and one bronze medal in double trap teams and double trap, respectively, at the 2006 Asian Games.

Citations[edit]

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References[edit]

External links[edit]