Charles E. Barber
|Charles E. Barber|
|Chief Engraver of the U.S. Mint|
August 31, 1879 – February 18, 1917
|Preceded by||William Barber|
|Succeeded by||George T. Morgan|
|Born||Charles Edward Barber|
November 16, 1840
London, England, United Kingdom
|Died||February 18, 1917 (aged 76)|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
|Resting place||Mount Peace Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
Charles Edward Barber (November 16, 1840 – February 18, 1917) was an American Engraver and the sixth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1879 until his death in 1917. Although Barber's coins were met with mixed reviews, he had a long and fruitful career in coinage, designing most of the coins used at the mint during his time as Chief Engraver. Barber did full coin designs and also reverse designs. Barber designed about 30 medals in his lifetime. The Barber coinage were named after him.
Barber was born in London on November 16, 1840, the son of William Barber. In 1869, he was appointed the assistant engraver at the United States Mint in Philadelphia. In 1879, he succeeded his father, in the position as chief engraver. Barber's best-known designs are the eponymous "Barber" Barber dime, Barber quarter, and Barber half dollar, as well as the so-called "V" Liberty Head nickel.
Some lesser known pattern coin designs by Barber include the trial copper-nickel cent, trial three-cent piece, and the $4 Stella "Flowing Hair" pieces. Citing the impracticality of the design, he was strongly critical of Augustus St. Gaudens' proposed high relief pattern for a new double eagle in 1908, and tried hard to stop them being produced. Barber was succeeded as Chief Engraver by George T. Morgan.
Barber was frequently criticised for unimaginative designs, but, in the words of R.W. Julian, "At least he understood the requirements of coinage and was capable of superb work when given a free hand."
- Flowing Hair Stella
- The obverse (front) of the Columbian Exposition half dollar
- Isabella Quarter
- Silver Lafayette Dollar
- Louisiana Purchase Exposition gold dollar
- Lewis and Clark Exposition gold dollar
- Panama-Pacific Exposition half dollar
- William McKinley Memorial gold dollar
- Pikes Peak "Southwest Expedition" medal
- Cuba 1915-61 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 & 40 Centavos
- "Charles E. Barber". Nps.gov.[permanent dead link]
- "Charles Barber". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
- The Numismatist. American Numismatic Association. 1995.
- American Journal of Numismatics, Volumes 17-18, 1883.
- Stauffer 1907
- Evans 1885
- Numismatic Guaranty Corporation. "St. Gaudens $20 (1907-1933)". Numismatic Guaranty Corporation |. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- Julien, R. W. (March 2018). "Charles Barber's dime: Mint engraver's design appreciated by dedicated collectors". Coins Magazine.
- "So-Called Dollar". so-calleddollar.com. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
- Evans, George Greenlief (1885). Illustrated History of the United States Mint with a Complete Description of American Coinage. George G. Evans.
- Stauffer, David McNeely (1907). Biographical sketches, illustrated. Index to engravings described with check-list numbers and names of engravers and artists. Grolier club of the city of New York.
- Du Bois, Patterson (1883). "Our Mint Engravers". American Journal of Numismatics, and Bulletin of the American Numismatic and Archaeological Society. 18 (1): 12–16. JSTOR 43584447.
- Adams, Edgar H.; Raymond, Wayte (1917). Coin & Medal Bulletin, Vol. 2, No. 3. Washington University Libraries. Edgar H. Adams and Wayte Raymond.
| Chief Engraver of the U.S. Mint|
George T. Morgan
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