2018 Hualien earthquake

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2018 Hualien earthquake
國軍馳援花蓮震災 11.jpg
The Yun Men Tsui Ti building, severely tilted after the quake
2018 Hualien earthquake is located in Taiwan
2018 Hualien earthquake
2018 Hualien earthquake (Taiwan)
Date6 February 2018 (2018-02-06)
Origin time
Magnitude6.4 Mw
Depth10.6 kilometres (7 mi)
Epicenter24°07′55″N 121°39′32″E / 24.132°N 121.659°E / 24.132; 121.659Coordinates: 24°07′55″N 121°39′32″E / 24.132°N 121.659°E / 24.132; 121.659
TypeOblique-slip
Areas affectedHualien County, Taiwan
Max. intensityVIII (severe)
Peak acceleration482.36 gal (0.42 g)
Peak velocity32.04 cm/s
Foreshocksyes
Casualties17 dead, 285 injured
Citations[1]

At 23:50 local time on 6 February 2018, an earthquake of magnitude 6.4 on the moment magnitude scale hit Taiwan.[2] The epicenter was on the coastline near Hualien, which was the most severely affected area, with a maximum felt intensity of VIII (severe) on the Mercalli intensity scale.[1] At least 17 deaths have been reported, with 285 injured.[3]

Tectonic setting[edit]

Taiwan has a history of many strong earthquakes.[1][4] The island is located within a complex zone of convergence between the Philippine Sea Plate and Eurasian Plate. At the location of the earthquake, these plates converge at a rate of 75 mm per year. To the south of Taiwan, oceanic crust of the Eurasian Plate is subducting beneath the Philippine Sea Plate creating an island arc, the Luzon Arc. At Taiwan the oceanic crust has all been subducted and the arc is colliding with continental crust of the Eurasian Plate. To the north of Taiwan the Philippine Sea Plate is in contrast subducting beneath the Eurasian Plate, forming the Ryukyu Arc.[5]

Earthquake[edit]

The earthquake formed the largest of a sequence of events that have affected the area over a period of days, with 11 foreshocks of M 4.6 and greater, starting on 3 February with an M 4.8 earthquake and including an M 6.1 event on 4 February, within a few kilometres of the event that took place on 6 February.[1] 6 February earthquake was a result of oblique-slip faulting.[1]

The earthquake occurred on the second anniversary of the 2016 Taiwan earthquake in Tainan that had killed 117 people.[6]

The earthquake was followed by a series of aftershocks, with the largest being an M 5.7 event on 7 February at 23:21 local time, 19 km northeast of Hualien city, which reached a maximum intensity of VI (strong).[7]

Aftermath[edit]

President Tsai Ing-wen (center) inspects a collapsed building and addresses the press in Hualien City.

Casualties[edit]

As of 11 February, 17 people were reported dead and a further 285 injured. Of the reported fatalities, 9 were from mainland China, 5 from Taiwan, 2 from Hong Kong of Canadian nationality, and 1 from the Philippines.[3]

Damage[edit]

Many buildings in the city of Hualien were damaged, including four that had partially collapsed or were severely damaged. The lower floors of the Marshal Hotel collapsed, killing two people. 14 deaths were also reported from the twelve-story Yun Men Tsui Ti residential building, which was severely tilted due to the collapse of some of the lower floors.[3] Large beams were placed by cranes on one side of the building in an effort to prevent further tilting during the continuing rescue efforts.[9]

Many homes were left without water.[6] Bridges and highways remaining closed due to damage from the earthquake.[6]

Hundreds of firefighters and military personnel stayed onsite to support efforts to rescue people trapped in damaged buildings.[10]

International response[edit]

Humanitarian aid sent by a C-130 Hercules of the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) to Hualien Airport after the earthquake.

Although several countries offered to provide aid following the earthquake, the Taiwanese government stated that it had to "politely decline" such offers, including an offer from the People's Republic of China reasoning that Taiwan has no shortage of relief workers and supplies. It decided to accept a Japanese contingent since they possess body-heat detection equipment, a technology Taiwanese authorities do not possess.[11]

The Japanese specialized rescue team arrived on 9 February to provide assistance for the search efforts. The Japanese team was the first international search-and-rescue team to arrive in Taiwan.[12] Singapore also flew in USD103,000 worth of humanitarian supplies to Taiwan through a C-130 Hercules of the Republic of Singapore Air Force.[13][14]

At least 63 countries, 18 of which have formal diplomatic ties with Taiwan, as well as the European Union, the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, the Central American Parliament and the Central American Integration System sent condolences to the Taiwanese government.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e USGS. "M 6.4 – 22km NNE of Hualian, Taiwan". 
  2. ^ "Taiwan earthquake: Deaths confirmed amid rescue effort". BBC. 2018-02-06. 
  3. ^ a b c "Taiwan earthquake claims 17 lives". Xinhua. 11 February 2018. 
  4. ^ Hume, Tim (7 February 2018). "More than 50 people could be trapped inside this building". VICE News. Retrieved 2018-02-08. 
  5. ^ Molli G.; Malavieille J. (2010). "Orogenic processes and the Corsica/Apennines geodynamic evolution: insights from Taiwan". International Journal of Earth Sciences. 100 (5): 1207–1224. doi:10.1007/s00531-010-0598-y. 
  6. ^ a b c "Aftershocks rock Taiwan after deadly quake". BBC News. 2018-02-07. Retrieved 2018-02-07. 
  7. ^ USGS (2018-02-07). "M 5.7 – 19km NE of Hualian, Taiwan". 
  8. ^ "Earthquake magnitudes differ in names and scales with varying observation and calculation methods". Taiwan Central Weather Bureau. In Taiwan, the Richter scale, also known as the local magnitude (ML), is used. 
  9. ^ "One more body found in toppled building in Hualien; death toll – 9". Focus Taiwan. Central News Agency. Retrieved 2018-02-07. 
  10. ^ Westcott, Ben; Sun, Yazhou; Liu, Kwang-Yin. "Dozens feared trapped in Taiwan after earthquake topples buildings". CNN. Retrieved 2018-02-07. 
  11. ^ "Taiwan rejects offer of help from China, accepts Japanese expertise". Taiwan News. 9 February 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2018. 
  12. ^ "Hualien Earthquake: Japanese specialist team arrives in Hualien - Taipei Times". www.taipeitimes.com. Retrieved 2018-02-13. 
  13. ^ "The SAF Sends Humanitarian Aid to Taiwan". MINDEF Singapore. 2018-02-09. Archived from the original on 2018-02-12. Retrieved 2018-02-12. 
  14. ^ Wong, Derek (9 February 2018). "Singapore sends humanitarian aid to Taiwan's earthquake victims". The Straits Times. Retrieved 15 February 2018. 
  15. ^ Hsu, Stacy (12 February 2018). "MOFA says thanks for condolences". Taipei Times. Retrieved 15 February 2018. 

External links[edit]