|1960 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2713|
|Balinese saka calendar||1881–1882|
|British Regnal year||8 Eliz. 2 – 9 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己亥年 (Earth Pig)|
4656 or 4596
— to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
4657 or 4597
|- Vikram Samvat||2016–2017|
|- Shaka Samvat||1881–1882|
|- Kali Yuga||5060–5061|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 35|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 49|
|Thai solar calendar||2503|
2086 or 1705 or 933
— to —
2087 or 1706 or 934
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1960.|
1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1960th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 960th year of the 2nd millennium, the 60th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1960s decade. It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January – The state of emergency is lifted in Kenya, officially ending the Mau Mau Uprising.
- January 1 – Cameroon gains its independence from French-administered U.N. trusteeship.
- January 2 – U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy (D-MA) announces his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
- January 6 – The Associations Law comes into force in Iraq, allowing registration of political parties.
- January 9 – Four groups apply to register as political parties in Iraq.
- January 9–11 – Aswan Dam construction begins in Egypt.
- January 10 – British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan makes the "Wind of Change" speech for the first time, to little publicity, in Accra, Gold Coast (modern-day Ghana).
- January 14 – The Reserve Bank and Commonwealth Bank are created in Australia.
- January 15 – The first televised anime, Three Tales, debuts on NHK.
- January 19 – The Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan is signed in Washington, D.C.
- January 21
- January 22
- In France, President Charles de Gaulle fires Jacques Massu, the commander-in-chief of the French troops in Algeria.
- Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh descend into the Mariana Trench in the bathyscaphe Trieste, reaching the depth of 10,911 meters (35,797 feet) and become the first human beings to reach the lowest spot on Earth.
- January 24 – A major insurrection occurs in Algiers against French colonial policy.
- January 25 – In Washington, D.C., the National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.
- January 28 – The National Football League announces expansion teams for Dallas to start in the 1960 NFL season, and Minneapolis–St. Paul for the 1961 NFL season.
- January 30 – The African National Party is founded in Chad, through the merger of traditionalist parties.
- February 1 – In Greensboro, North Carolina, four black students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University begin a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter. Although they are refused service, they are allowed to stay at the counter. The event triggers many similar non-violent protests throughout the Southern United States, and six months later the original four protesters are served lunch at the same counter.
- February 3 – Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Harold Macmillan makes the Wind of Change speech to the South African Parliament in Cape Town (although he had first made the speech, to little publicity, in Accra, Gold Coast — now Ghana — on January 10).
- February 5 – The first CERN particle accelerator becomes operational in Geneva, Switzerland.
- February 9
- Adolph Coors III, the chairman of the board of the Coors Brewing Company, is kidnapped in the United States, and his captors demand a ransom of $500,000. Coors is later found murdered, and Joseph Corbett, Jr. is indicted for the crime.
- Joanne Woodward receives the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
- February 10 – A conference about the proposed independence of the Belgian Congo begins in Brussels, Belgium.
- February 11
- February 13 – Gerboise Bleue: France tests its first atomic bomb in the Sahara Desert of Algeria.
- February 18 – The 1960 Winter Olympics begin at the Squaw Valley Ski Resort, in Placer County, California.
- February 26 – A New York-bound Alitalia airliner crashes into a cemetery at Shannon, Ireland, shortly after takeoff, killing 34 of the 52 persons on board.
- February 29 – The 5.7 Mw Agadir earthquake shakes coastal Morocco with a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme), destroying Agadir, and leaving 12,000 dead and another 12,000 injured.
- March 2 – American comedian and producer Lucille Ball files for divorce from husband Desi Arnaz after 19 years of marriage. The divorce ends the I Love Lucy franchise.
- March 3 – Elvis Presley returns home from Germany to the United States, after being away on military duty for 2 years.
- March 5
- March 6
- March 17 – Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 710 crashes near Tell City, Indiana, killing all 63 on board.
- March 21 – The Sharpeville massacre in South Africa results in more than 69 dead, 300 injured.
- March 22 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent for a laser, in the United States.
- March 23 – Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev meets French president Charles de Gaulle in Paris.
- March 29 – "Tom Pillibi" by Jacqueline Boyer (music by André Popp, text by Pierre Cour) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1960 for France.
- April 1
- Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad, 1st Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, dies in office. He is replaced by Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah, Sultan of Selangor.
- The United States launches the first weather satellite, TIROS-1.
- The 1960 United States Census begins. There are 179,323,175 U.S. residents on this day. All people from Latin America are listed as white, including blacks from the Dominican Republic, European whites from Argentina and Mexicans who resemble Native Americans.
- April 4
- April 9 – Gunman David Pratt shoots South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd in Johannesburg, wounding him seriously.
- April 12 – Eric Peugeot, the youngest son of the founder of the Peugeot Corporation, is kidnapped in Paris. Then, he is released on April 15 in exchange for $300,000 in ransom.
- April 13
- April 19 – April Revolution: South Korean students hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against President Syngman Rhee, eventually leading him to resign from that office.
- April 21 – In Brazil, the country's capital (Federal District) is relocated from the city of Rio de Janeiro to the new city, Brasília, in the highlands. The actual city of Rio de Janeiro becomes the State of Guanabara.
- April 27 – Togo gains independence from France, with the French-administered United Nations Trust Territory being terminated.
- May 1
- May 3
- May 4
- May 6 – United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Civil Rights Act of 1960 into law.
- May 9 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announces that it will approve birth control as an additional indication for Searle's Enovid, making it the world's first approved oral contraceptive pill.
- May 10 – The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine USS Triton, under the command of Captain Edward L. Beach Jr., completes the first underwater circumnavigation of the Earth (codenamed Operation Sandblast).
- May 11 – In Buenos Aires, four Mossad agents abduct the fugitive Nazi criminal against humanity, Adolf Eichmann, in order that he can be taken to Israel and put on trial. Eichmann is later convicted and executed.
- May 13 – A joint Swiss and Austrian expedition makes the first ascent of the Asian mountain Dhaulagiri, the world's 7th highest mountain.
- May 14 – The Kenyan African National Congress Party is founded in Kenya, when 3 political parties join forces.
- May 15 – The satellite Sputnik 4 is launched into orbit by the Soviet Union.
- May 16
- May 18 – Real Madrid beats Eintracht Frankfurt 7–3 at Hampden Park, Glasgow and wins the 1959–60 European Cup (football).
- May 20 – In Japan, police carry away socialist members of the Diet of Japan. The Diet next approves a mutual security treaty with the United States.
- May 22 – The 9.4–9.6 Mw Valdivia earthquake affected Chile with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XII (Extreme). This megathrust earthquake ruptured from Arauco to Chiloé Archipelago, causing the most powerful earthquake on record and a destructive basin-wide tsunami.
- May 23 – Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion announces that Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann has been captured.
- May 27 – In Turkey, a bloodless military coup d'état removes President Celâl Bayar and installs General Cemal Gürsel as the head of state.
- May 30 – Cemal Gürsel forms the new government of Turkey (its 24th government, composed mostly of so-called "technocrats").
- June 1 – New Zealand's first television station begins broadcasting in the city of Auckland.
- June 5 – The Lake Bodom murders occur in Finland.
- June 7 – U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy wins the California Democratic primary.
- June 9 – 1960 Pacific typhoon season Typhoon Mary kills 1,600 people in China.
- June 10 – The Domino's Pizza franchise is established when Tom Monaghan buys DomiNick's pizza store in Ypsilanti, Michigan.
- June 15
- June 19 – The Associated Broadcasting Company (modern-day TV5) is founded in the Philippines.
- June 20 – The short-lived Mali Federation, consisting of the Sudanese Republic (modern-day Republic of Mali) and Senegal, gains independence from France.
- June 23 – Japanese prime minister Nobusuke Kishi announces his resignation.
- June 24 – Joseph Kasa-Vubu is elected as the first President of the independent Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- June 26
- The State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland protectorate) receives its independence from the United Kingdom. Five days later, it unites as scheduled with the Trust Territory of Somalia (the former Italian Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic.
- The Malagasy Republic, now Madagascar, becomes independent from France.
- June 28 – King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand arrives in Washington, D.C. for a 4-day royal visit to the U.S.
- June 30
- July 1
- Ghana becomes a republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President.
- Cold War: A Soviet Air Force MiG-19 fighter plane flying north of Murmansk, Russia, over the Barents Sea shoots down a six-man RB-47 Stratojet reconnaissance plane of the U.S. Air Force. Four of the U.S. Air Force officers are killed, and the two survivors are held prisoner in the Soviet Union.
- The Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) gains its independence from Italy. Concurrently, it unites as scheduled with the five-day-old State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic.
- July 4 – Following the admission of the State of Hawaii as the 50th state in August 1959, the new 50-star Flag of the United States is first officially flown over Philadelphia.
- July 10 – The Soviet Union national football team defeats the Yugoslavian national football team 2–1 in Paris to win the first European Soccer Championship.
- July 11
- July 12 – Chin Peng is exiled from Malaysia to Thailand and the Malayan state of emergency is lifted.
- July 13 – U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy is nominated for President of the United States at the 1960 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles.
- July 14 – The United Nations Security Council decides to send troops to Katanga to oversee the withdrawal of Belgian troops.
- July 20 – Ceylon elects Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike as its Prime Minister, the world's first elected female head of government. She takes office the following day.
- July 21 – Francis Chichester, English navigator and yachtsman, arrives at New York City aboard his yacht, Gypsy Moth II, crossing the Atlantic Ocean solo in a new record of just forty days.
- July 25 – The Woolworth Company's lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, the location of a sit-in that had sparked demonstrations by Negroes across the Southern United States, serves a meal to its first black customer.
- July 25 – July 28 – In Chicago, the 1960 Republican National Convention nominates Vice President Richard Nixon as its candidate for President of the United States, and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., as its candidate to become the new Vice-President.
- August 1 – Dahomey, now known as Benin, becomes independent from France.
- August 3 – Niger becomes independent from France.
- August 5 – Upper Volta, now known as Burkina Faso, becomes independent from France.
- August 6
- Cuban Revolution: In response to a United States embargo against Cuba, Fidel Castro nationalizes all American and foreign-owned property in Cuba.
- In the Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville), now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Albert Kalonji declares the independence of the "Autonomous State of South Kasai".
- August 7
- August 9 – The government of Laos is overthrown in a coup.
- August 11 – Chad becomes independent from France.
- August 13 – Ubangi-Shari becomes independent from France, as the "Central African Republic". It later becomes the "Central African Empire" for some years.
- August 15 – Middle Congo becomes independent from France, as Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville).
- August 16
- Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at an altitude of about 102,800 feet (31,333 meters). Kittinger sets world records for: high-altitude jump; free-fall by falling 16.0 miles (25.7 kilometers) before opening his parachute; and the fastest speed attained by a human being without mechanical or chemical assistance, about 982 k.p.h (614 m.p.h.). (Kittinger survives more or less uninjured, and he is still alive in Florida as of 2013[update]. Felix Baumgartner breaks his record in 2012.)
- The Mediterranean island of Cyprus receives its independence from the United Kingdom.
- August 17
- August 18 – United States president Dwight Eisenhower is briefed on the Congo crisis at a meeting with the National Security Council and asks whether the U.S. "can't get rid of this guy" (Patrice Lumumba).
- August 19
- Cold War: In Moscow, American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to 10 years in prison for espionage.
- Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches the satellite Sputnik 5, with the dogs Belka and Strelka (the Russian for "Squirrel" and "Little Arrow"), 40 mice, two rats and a variety of plants. This satellite returns to earth the next day and all animals are recovered safely.
- August 20 – Senegal breaks away from the Mali Federation, declaring its independence.
- August 25
- August 29 – Hurricane Donna kills 50 people in Florida and New England.
- September 1
- Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah, Sultan of Selangor and 2nd Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, dies in office. He is replaced by Tuanku Syed Putra, Raja of Perlis.
- Disgruntled railroad workers effectively halt operations of the Pennsylvania Railroad, marking the first shutdown in the company's history (the event lasts two days).
- September 2 – The first elections of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration are held. The Tibetan community observes this date as Democracy Day.
- September 5
- September 5 – Poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is the first elected President of Senegal.
- September 6 – William Hamilton Martin and Bernon F. Mitchell, two American cryptologists, announce their defection to the Soviet Union at a press conference in Moscow.
- September 8 – In Huntsville, Alabama, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center (which has been activated by NASA on July 1).
- September 9 – The first regular season game in the American Football League (established as a rival league to the NFL) takes place at Boston's Nickerson Field. The Denver Broncos defeat the Boston Patriots 13–10.
- September 10 – 1960 Summer Olympic Games: Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia wins the gold medal in the marathon, running barefoot in a world time and becoming the first person from Sub-Saharan Africa to win Olympic gold.
- September 14
- September 22 – Mali, the sole remaining member of the "Mali Federation" following the withdrawal of Senegal one month earlier, declares its full independence as the Republic of Mali.
- September 26 – The leading candidates for President of the United States, Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy, make the first televised debate.
- September 30 – The television animated sitcom, The Flintstones premieres on ABC in the United States.
- October 1
- October 3 – Jânio Quadros is elected President of Brazil for a five-year term.
- October 5 – White South Africans vote to make the country a republic.
- October 7 – Nigeria becomes the 99th member of the United Nations.
- October 12
- Cold War: Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a table at a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly, his way of protesting the discussion of the Soviet Union's policies toward Eastern Europe.
- Inejiro Asanuma, chairman of the Japan Socialist Party, is assassinated by Otoya Yamaguchi using a wakizashi (samurai sword) during a political debate in Tokyo being taped for broadcast on Japanese television.
- October 13
- October 14
- October 24 – Nedelin catastrophe: A large rocket explodes on the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, killing at least 90 people of the Soviet space program.
- October 26 – Robert F. Kennedy telephones Coretta Scott King, the wife of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and secures King's release from jail regarding a traffic violation in Atlanta.
- October 29 – In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional boxing match.
- October 30 – Dr. Michael Woodruff carries out the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom, at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
- November 2 – Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity, in the case of D. H. Lawrence's novel Lady Chatterley's Lover.
- November 8 – United States presidential election, 1960: In a close race, Democratic U. S. Senator John F. Kennedy is elected over Republican U. S. Vice President Richard Nixon, to become (at 43) the second youngest man to serve as President of the United States, and the youngest man elected to this position.
- November 13 – Sammy Davis Jr., marries Swedish actress May Britt.
- November 14
- November 15 – A Polaris missile is test-launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida
- November 22 – The United Nations supports the government of Joseph Kasavubu and Joseph Mobutu in the Republic of the Congo.
- November 24 – The professional basketball player Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia 76ers gets 55 rebounds in an NBA game versus the Boston Celtics.
- November 28 – Mauritania becomes independent of France.
- December 1
- December 2
- The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Rev. Geoffrey Francis Fisher, talks with Pope John XXIII for about one hour in Vatican City. This is the first time that any chief of the Anglican Church had ever visited the Pope.
- U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the use of $1.0 million for the relief and resettlement of Cuban refugees, who had been arriving in Florida at the rate of about 1,000 per week.
- December 4 – The admission of Mauritania to the United Nations is vetoed by the Soviet Union.
- December 5
- Pierre Lagaillarde, who led the insurrections in 1958 and 1960 in Algeria, fails to appear in court in Paris, France. He has reportedly fled with his four fellow defendants to Spain en route to Algeria.
- Boynton v. Virginia: The Supreme Court of the United States declares that segregation in public transportation is illegal in the United States.
- December 7 – The United Nations Security Council is called into session by the Soviet Union in order to consider Soviet demands for the Security Council to seek the immediate release of former Congolese Premier Patrice Lumumba.
- December 8 – For the first time, Mary Martin's Peter Pan is presented as a stand-alone two-hour special on NBC instead of as part of an anthology series. This version, rather than being presented live, is shown on videotape, enabling NBC to repeat it as often as they wish without having to restage it. Although nearly all of the adult actors repeat their original Broadway roles, all of the original children have, ironically, outgrown their roles and are replaced by new actors.
- December 9
- French President Charles de Gaulle's visit to Algeria is bloodied by European and Muslim rioters in Algeria's largest cities. These riots cause 127 deaths.
- The classic British TV soap opera Coronation Street premieres. Planned as a 13-part drama, it becomes such a success among viewers it continues to be shown five times per week through 2012.
- December 10 — John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as the 27th President of the United States in Washington DC
- December 11 – MGM's The Wizard of Oz is rerun on CBS only a year after its previous telecast, thus beginning the tradition of annual telecasts of the film.
- December 12 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds a lower Federal Court ruling that the State of Louisiana's racial segregation laws are unconstitutional, and overturns them.
- December 13
- 1960 Ethiopian coup attempt: While Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Kebur Zabagna (Imperial Bodyguard) leads a military coup against his rule, proclaiming that the emperor's son, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen Taffari, is the new emperor.
- The countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua announce the formation of the Central American Common Market.
- The U.S. Navy's Commander Leroy Heath (pilot) and Lieutenant Larry Monroe (bombardier/navigator) establish a world flight-altitude record of 91,450 feet (27,874 m), with payload, in an A-5 Vigilante bomber carrying 2,200 lb (1,000 kg), and better the previous world record by over four miles (6 km).
- December 14
- December 15
- December 16
- Secretary of State Christian Herter announces that the United States will commit five nuclear submarines and eighty Polaris missiles to the defense of the NATO countries by the end of 1963.
- New York mid-air collision: A United Airlines DC-8 collides in mid-air with a TWA Lockheed Constellation over Staten Island in New York City. All 128 passengers and crewmembers on the two airliners, and six people on the ground, are killed.
- December 17 – Troops loyal to Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia overcome the coup that began on December 13, returning the reins to the Emperor upon his return from a trip to Brazil. The Emperor absolves his own son of any guilt.
- December 19 – Fire sweeps through the USS Constellation, to become the U.S. Navy's largest aircraft carrier, while she is under construction at the Brooklyn Navy Yard; killing 50 workers and injuring 150.
- December 27 – France sets off its third A-bomb test at its nuclear weapons testing range near Reggane, Algeria.
- December 31 – Last day on which the farthing, a coin first minted in England in the 13th century, is legal tender in the United Kingdom.
- World population: 3,021,475,000
- Africa: 277,398,000
- Asia: 1,701,336,000
- Europe: 604,401,000
- Latin America: 218,300,000
- North America: 204,152,000
- Oceania: 15,888,000
- January 2 – Naoki Urasawa, Japanese manga author and artist
- January 4
- January 6
- January 7 – Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iranian politician, diplomat
- January 10
- January 12
- January 13 – Kevin Anderson, American actor
- January 18 – Mark Rylance, English actor, theatre director and playwright
- January 20
- January 21
- January 22 – Michael Hutchence, Australian rock musician (INXS) (d. 1997)
- January 23 – Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfing pioneer (d. 1998)
- January 24
- January 26 – Charlie Gillingham, American keyboardist
- January 28 – Robert von Dassanowsky, American cultural historian, writer and producer
- January 29
- January 30 – Alex Titomirov, Russian-American businessman
- February 2 – Jari Porttila, Finnish sports journalist
- February 3
- February 4 – Jonathan Larson, American composer and playwright (d. 1996)
- February 7
- February 8
- February 9 – Frederik Ndoci, Albanian singer, songwriter, poet, writer, actor and international Recording artist
- February 13
- February 14 – Jim Kelly, American football player
- February 16 – Cherie Chung, Hong Kong actress
- February 18
- February 19 – Prince Andrew, Duke of York, British prince and second son of Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh
- February 20
- February 21
- February 23 – Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan
- February 27
- February 28
- February 29 – Richard Ramirez, American serial killer (d. 2013)
- March 2
- March 4
- March 7
- March 8
- March 10 – Anne MacKenzie, Scottish broadcaster
- March 12 – Minoru Niihara, Japanese singer (Loudness)
- March 13
- March 14 – Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (d. 2006)
- March 16 – Jenny Eclair, British comedian, actress and novelist
- March 18 – Richard Biggs, American actor (d. 2004)
- March 19 – Simo Aalto, Finnish magician
- March 20
- March 21
- March 23
- March 24
- March 26 – Marcus Allen, American football player
- March 27
- March 29 – Hiromi Tsuru, Japanese voice actress
- April 1 – Michael Praed, British actor
- April 2 – Linford Christie, British athlete
- April 3 – Elizabeth Gracen, American beauty queen, actress and model
- April 4 – Hugo Weaving, Nigerian-born Australian actor
- April 10 – Fabio Golfetti, Brazilian musician and record producer (Violeta de Outono, Gong)
- April 11 – Jeremy Clarkson, English journalist, television show host and comedian
- April 13 – Rudi Völler, German footballer and manager
- April 14 – Brad Garrett, American actor, comedian and voice actor
- April 14 – Myoma Myint Kywe, Burmese Writer and Historian
- April 15
- April 16
- April 18
- April 19 – Frank Viola, American baseball player
- April 20 – John Altenburgh, American blues and jazz musician
- April 22 – Tatiana Thumbtzen, American actress, model and dancer
- April 23
- Valerie Bertinelli, American actress
- Steve Clark, English guitarist (Def Leppard) (d. 1991)
- David Gedge, English musician (The Wedding Present and Cinerama)
- Léo Jaime, Brazilian writer, actor and musician (João Penca e Seus Miquinhos Amestrados)
- Claude Julien, Canadian ice hockey coach
- Craig Sheffer, American actor
- April 25 – Michael Lohan, American television personality; father of Lindsay Lohan
- April 28
- April 30 – José Miguel do Carmo Nunes da Silva, Portuguese physicist
- May 2
- May 3 – Amy Steel, American film actress
- May 4
- May 6 – John Flansburgh, American singer-songwriter, half of alternative rock duo They Might Be Giants
- May 7 – Adam Bernstein, American music video/television director
- May 8 – Eric Brittingham, American rock bassist
- May 9 – Tony Gwynn, American baseball player (d. 2014)
- May 10 – Bono, Irish rock singer (U2)
- May 14
- May 15 – Julian Jarrold, English film and television director and producer
- May 16 – Landon Deireragea, Nauruan politician
- May 17 – John Payne, British voice actor
- May 18
- May 19 – Yazz, British pop singer
- May 20
- May 21 – Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (d. 1994)
- May 21 – Mohanlal, South Indian Actor
- May 22 – Hideaki Anno, Japanese director
- May 23 – Linden Ashby, American actor
- May 24
- May 25 – Amy Klobuchar, American politician
- May 26 – Rob Murphy, American baseball player
- May 27 – Alexander Bashlachev, Soviet poet and rock musician (d. 1988)
- May 29
- May 31
- June 1 – Elena Mukhina, Soviet artistic gymnast (d. 2006)
- June 2
- June 4
- June 6
- June 8
- June 12 – Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer
- June 14 – Peter Mitchell, Australian newsreader
- June 16 – Peter Sterling, Australian rugby player
- June 17 – Thomas Haden Church, American actor and film director
- June 21 – Kevin Harlan, American sports announcer
- June 22 – Erin Brockovich, American environmental activist
- June 27
- June 28 – John Elway, American football player
- June 30
- July 1 – Kōji Ishii, Japanese voice actor
- July 2
- July 3
- July 4
- July 5
- July 7 – Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut
- July 8 – Thilo Martinho, German composer and singer-songwriter
- July 9 – Charles Gavin, Brazilian drummer and producer
- July 10 – Jeff Bergman, American voice actor
- July 11
- July 13
- July 14
- July 15
- July 16 – PJ Powers aka Thandeka, South African musician.
- July 17
- July 18 – Anne-Marie Johnson, American actress
- July 19
- July 20 Jonathon Morris, English actor and television presenter
- July 21
- July 28 – Harald Lesch, German physicist, astronomer, natural philosopher, author, television presenter, professor of physics
- July 30 – Richard Linklater, American director
- July 31 – Dale Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
- August 1
- August 4
- August 7
- August 8 – Ulrich Maly, German politician and Mayor of Nuremberg
- August 10
- August 12 – Laurent Fignon, French road bicycle racer (d. 2010)
- August 13
- August 14 – Sarah Brightman, English soprano singer and actress
- August 15 – Judy Holt, British television actress
- August 16
- August 17 – Sean Penn, American actor and film director
- August 19 – Morten Andersen, American football player
- August 23 – Chris Potter, Canadian actor and musician
- August 24 – Cal Ripken Jr., American baseball player
- August 26
- August 29 – Viire Valdma, Estonian actress
- August 30 – Chalino Sánchez, Mexican musician (d. 1992)
- September 1 – Joseph Williams, American singer and film score composer
- September 2 – John S. Hall, American poet and spoken-word artist
- September 4
- September 5 – Karita Mattila, Finnish soprano
- September 7
- September 9
- September 10 – Colin Firth, English actor
- September 11 – Annie Gosfield, American composer
- September 12 – Evan Jenkins, American politician
- September 13
- September 14
- September 16
- September 17
- September 19 – Yolanda Saldívar, American murderer of tejano singer Selena
- September 21 – David James Elliott, Canadian actor
- September 22 – Scott Baio, American actor
- September 28 – Jennifer Rush, American singer
- September 29 – Alan McGee, British music industry mogul and musician
- September 30 – Blanche Lincoln, American politician
- October 4
- October 5
- October 6 – Richard Jobson, Scottish rock singer-songwriter, filmmaker and television presenter (Skids)
- October 7 – Kyosuke Himuro, Japanese singer
- October 9 – Maddie Blaustein, American voice actress (d. 2008)
- October 12 – Alexei Kudrin, Russian Minister of Finance
- October 13 – Joey Belladonna, American heavy metal singer (Anthrax)
- October 17 – Guy Henry, English actor
- October 18
- October 19 – Kerry Sanders, American news correspondent
- October 24
- October 26 – Jouke de Vries, Dutch–Frisian politician
- October 28 – Landon Curt Noll, American astronomer, cryptographer and mathematician
- October 29
- October 30 – Diego Maradona, Argentine footballer
- October 31 – Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran
- November 1 – Tim Cook, American businessman and current CEO of Apple, Inc
- November 3
- November 4 – Frl. Menke, German pop singer
- November 5 – Tilda Swinton, British actress
- November 8 – Megan Cavanagh, American actress and voice actress
- November 9
- November 10 – Neil Gaiman, English author
- November 11 – Stanley Tucci, American actor and film director
- November 12 – Dave Hackett, professional skateboarder
- November 13 – Neil Flynn, American actor and voice actor
- November 15 – Susanne Lothar, German actress (d. 2012)
- November 17 – Jonathan Ross, English television presenter
- November 18
- November 19
- November 20 – Marc Labrèche, Canadian actor and television host
- November 24 – Amanda Wyss, American actress
- November 25
- November 26
- November 27
- November 29 – Cathy Moriarty, American actress
- November 30
- December 1 – Carol Alt, American model and actress
- December 2
- December 3
- December 4 – Glynis Nunn, Australian athlete
- December 5
- December 9
- December 10
- December 12 – Volker Beck, German politician
- December 17 – Tarako, Japanese voice actress
- December 18 – Kazuhide Uekusa, Japanese economist
- December 19
- December 22
- December 24
- December 27
- December 28
- December 29 – Dave Pelzer, American author
- December 30 – Heather Wilson, U. S. Secretary of the Air Force
- December 31
- Randi Altschul, American inventor
- January 1
- January 3 – Victor Sjöström, Swedish actor (b. 1879)
- January 4
- January 5 – Donald Knight, English cricketer (b. 1894)
- January 7
- January 9 – Elsie J. Oxenham, English children's novelist (b. 1880)
- January 10 – Arthur S. Carpender, American admiral (b. 1884)
- January 11 – Isabel Emslie Hutton, Scottish nurse in Serbia during World War I and psychiatrist (b. 1887)
- January 12 – Nevil Shute, English-born novelist (b. 1899)
- January 17 – Andrew Kennaway Henderson, New Zealand illustrator, cartoonist and pacifist (b. 1879)
- January 19 – Dadasaheb Torne, Indian filmmaker (b. 1890)
- January 24
- January 25
- January 27 – Osvaldo Aranha, Brazilian politician (b. 1894)
- January 28 – Zora Neale Hurston, American folklorist and author (b. 1891)
- January 30 – J. C. Kumarappa, Indian economist (b. 1892)
- February 2 – Swami Bharati Krishna Tirtha, Hindu teacher (b. 1884)
- February 3 – Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (b. 1921)
- February 6 – Jesse Belvin, American urban singer (b. 1932)
- February 7 – Igor Kurchatov, Soviet physicist (b. 1903)
- February 8
- February 10 – Aloysius Stepinac, Yugoslav Roman Catholic prelate and blessed (b. 1898)
- February 11 – Ernő Dohnányi, Hungarian conductor (b. 1877)
- February 12 – Jean-Michel Atlan, French painter (b. 1913)
- February 14 – Masatomi Kimura, Japanese admiral (b. 1891)
- February 20
- February 29
- March 2 – Stanisław Taczak, Polish general (b. 1874)
- March 4 – Leonard Warren, American opera singer (b. 1911)
- March 9 – Jack Beattie, Irish politician (b. 1886)
- March 11 – Roy Chapman Andrews, American explorer, adventurer and naturalist (b. 1884)
- March 13 – Yosef Zvi HaLevy, Israeli rabbi and judge (b. 1874)
- March 14 – Oliver Kirk, American Olympic boxer (b. 1884)
- March 23 – Franklin Pierce Adams, American journalist (b. 1881)
- March 26 – Ian Keith, American actor (b. 1899)
- March 27
- April 1 – Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad, King of Malaysia (b. 1895)
- April 5
- April 10 – Arthur Benjamin, Australian composer (b. 1893)
- April 17 – Eddie Cochran, American rock singer (b. 1938)
- April 19 – Beardsley Ruml, American economist and tax plan author (b. 1894)
- April 24
- April 25
- April 26 – Gustaf Lindblom, Swedish Olympic athlete (b. 1891)
- April 28 – Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean army officer and political figure, 20th President of Chile (b. 1877)
- May 1 – Charles Holden, British architect (b. 1875)
- May 2 – Caryl Chessman, American criminal (b. 1921)
- May 3 – Masa Niemi, Finnish actor (b. 1914)
- May 8
- May 11
- May 12 – Prince Aly Khan, Pakistani United Nations ambassador (b. 1911)
- May 14 – Lucrezia Bori, Spanish opera singer (b. 1887)
- May 22 – İbrahim Çallı, Turkish painter (b. 1882)
- May 23 – Georges Claude, French inventor (b. 1870)
- May 24 – Avraham Arnon, Israeli educator and a recipient of the Israel Prize (b. 1887)
- May 25 – Rafael Gómez Ortega, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1882)
- May 27
- May 30 – Boris Pasternak, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (b. 1890)
- May 31 – Walther Funk, German Nazi politician (b. 1890)
- June 4
- June 13 – Ken McArthur, South African athlete (b. 1881)
- June 14 – Ana Pauker, Romanian communist politician (b. 1893)
- June 17 – Arthur Rosson, English film director (b. 1886)
- June 18 – Shalva Aleksi-Meskhishvili, Georgian politician (b. 1884)
- June 19 – Chris Bristow, English race car driver (b. 1937)
- June 20
- June 25
- June 27 – Lottie Dod, English tennis player; Wimbledon women's champion, 1887–88, 1891–93 (b. 1871)
- June 28
- July 2 – Margherita Bagni, Italian actress (b. 1902)
- July 6 – Aneurin Bevan, British politician (b. 1897)
- July 12 – Francis Xavier Gsell, Australian Roman Catholic bishop and missionary (b. 1872)
- July 14 – Maurice, 6th duc de Broglie, French physicist (b. 1875)
- July 15
- July 16
- July 17 – Pavel Peter Gojdič, Czechoslovak Roman Catholic monk and blessed (b. 1888)
- July 22 – Buddy Adler, American film producer (b. 1909)
- July 24 – Hans Albers, German actor and singer (b. 1891)
- July 26 – Cedric Gibbons, Irish-American art director (b. 1893)
- July 27 – Georgi Kyoseivanov, 27th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1884)
- July 28 – Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan novelist (b. 1900)
- July 29 – Hasan Saka, 7th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1885)
- August 2 – Francesca French, British Protestant missionary (b. 1871)
- August 5 – Arthur Meighen, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
- August 7
- August 9 – Richard Cramer, American actor (b. 1889)
- August 10
- August 14 – Fred Clarke, American baseball player (Pittsburgh Pirates) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1872)
- August 17 – Charles W. Ryder, American general (b. 1892)
- August 18 – Carlo Emilio Bonferroni, Italian mathematician (b. 1892)
- August 22
- August 23
- August 27 – Stanley Clifford Weyman, American impostor (b. 1890)
- August 28 – Charles Forbes, British Admiral (b. 1880)
- August 29
- September 1 – Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah, King of Malaysia (b. 1898)
- September 4 – Alfred E. Green, American film director (b. 1889)
- September 8
- September 9 – Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (b. 1911)
- September 11 – Edwin Justus Mayer, American screenwriter (b. 1896)
- September 13 – Leó Weiner, Hungarian composer (b. 1885)
- September 20
- September 22 – Melanie Klein, Austrian-British psychoanalyst (b. 1882)
- September 23 – Kathlyn Williams, American stage and silent film actress (b. 1879)
- September 24 – Mátyás Seiber, Hungarian composer (b. 1905)
- September 27 – Sylvia Pankhurst, English suffragette (b. 1882)
- September 30 – St John Philby, British Arabist (b. 1885)
- October 5 – Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist (b. 1876)
- October 9 – Sultan Khalifa bin Harub of Zanzibar (b. 1879)
- October 11 – Richard Cromwell, American film actor (b. 1910)
- October 12 – Inejiro Asanuma, Japanese socialist politician (assassinated) (b. 1898)
- October 15
- October 21 – Ma Hongbin, Chinese warlord (b. 1884)
- October 24 – Yevgeny Ostashev, engineer-Lieutenant Colonel, test pilot of rocket and space complexes, head of the 1st control polygon NIIP-5 (Baikonur), Candidate of Technical Sciences, Lenin prize winner (b. 1924)
- October 31 – H. L. Davis, American fiction writer and poet (b. 1894)
- November 2
- November 3
- November 5
- November 6 – Erich Raeder, German World War II naval leader (b. 1876)
- November 7 – A. P. Carter, American singer and songwriter (b. 1891)
- November 12 – Lord Buckley, American monologist (b. 1906)
- November 14 – Walter Catlett, American actor (b. 1889)
- November 16
- November 19 – Phyllis Haver, American actress (b. 1899)
- November 20 – Ya'akov Cohen, Israeli poet (b. 1881)
- November 23 – Allen Hobbs, 32nd Governor of American Samoa (b. 1889)
- November 24 – Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia, sister of Tsar Nicholas II (b. 1882)
- November 25 – Patria (b. 1924), Minerva (b. 1926), and Maria Teresa Mirabal (b. 1935), three Dominican revolutionaries (and their driver, Rufino de la Cruz)
- November 28
- December 2 – Fritz August Breuhaus de Groot, German architect, interior designer and designer (b. 1883)
- December 5 – Hashim al-Atassi, Syrian statesman, 2nd Prime Minister of Syria and 4th President of Syria (b. 1875)
- December 7
- December 12 – Christopher Hornsrud, 11th Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1859)
- December 13 – John Charles Thomas, American opera singer (b. 1891)
- December 14 – Gregory Ratoff, Russian actor and director
- December 20 – Sir Godfrey Ince, British civil servant (b. 1891)
- December 22 – Ninian Comper, British architect (b. 1864)
- December 25 – Alberto Maria de Agostini, Italian missionary (b. 1883)
- December 26
- Boixcar (Guillermo Sánchez Boix), Spanish cartoonist (b. 1917)
- Physics – Donald Arthur Glaser
- Chemistry – Willard Libby
- Physiology or Medicine – Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Peter Medawar
- Literature – Saint-John Perse
- Peace – Albert Lutuli