|1917 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2670|
|Balinese saka calendar||1838–1839|
|British Regnal year||7 Geo. 5 – 8 Geo. 5|
|Chinese calendar||丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)|
4613 or 4553
— to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4614 or 4554
|- Vikram Samvat||1973–1974|
|- Shaka Samvat||1838–1839|
|- Kali Yuga||5017–5018|
|Japanese calendar||Taishō 6|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 6|
|Thai solar calendar||2459–2460|
2043 or 1662 or 890
— to —
2044 or 1663 or 891
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1917.|
1917 (MCMXVII)was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1917th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 917th year of the 2nd millennium, the 17th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1917, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
Below, events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
- January 2 – The Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank.
- January 3 – Ratho rail crash in Scotland: North British Railway H class locomotive 874 Dunedin',' in charge of the Edinburgh to Glasgow express train, collides with a light engine at Queensferry Junction, leaving 12 people dead and 46 seriously injured. The cause is found to be inadequate signalling procedures.
- January 9 – WWI – Battle of Rafa: The last substantial Ottoman Army garrison on the Sinai Peninsula is captured by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force's Desert Column.
- January 11 – Unknown saboteurs set off the Kingsland Explosion at Kingsland (modern-day Lyndhurst, New Jersey), one of the events leading to United States involvement in WWI.
- January 16 – The Danish West Indies is sold to the United States for $25 million.
- January 19 – Silvertown explosion: A blast at a munitions factory in London kills 73 and injures over 400; the resulting fire causes over £2,000,000 worth of damage.
- January 22 – WWI: United States President Woodrow Wilson calls for "peace without victory" in Germany.
- January 25
- January 26 – The sea defences at the English village of Hallsands are breached, leading to all but one of the houses becoming uninhabitable.
- January 28 – The United States ends its search for Pancho Villa.
- January 30 – Pershing's troops in Mexico begin withdrawing back to the United States. They reach Columbus, New Mexico February 5.
- February 1 – WWI: Atlantic U-boat Campaign: Germany announces its U-boats will resume unrestricted submarine warfare, rescinding the 'Sussex Pledge'.
- February 3 – WWI: The United States severs diplomatic relations with Germany.
- February 5 – The new constitution of Mexico is adopted.
- February 13
- February 21 – British troopship SS Mendi is accidentally rammed and sunk off the Isle of Wight, killing 646, mainly members of the South African Native Labour Corps.
- February 24 – WWI: United States ambassador to the United Kingdom, Walter Hines Page, is shown the intercepted Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany offers to give the American Southwest back to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.
- March 1
- March 2 – The enactment of the Jones Act grants Puerto Ricans United States citizenship.
- March 4
- March 7 – "Livery Stable Blues", recorded with "Dixie Jazz Band One Step" on February 26, by the Original Dixieland Jass Band in the United States, becomes the first jazz recording commercially released. On August 17 the band records "Tiger Rag".
- March 8
- March 10 – The Province of Batangas is formally founded, as one of the Philippines' first encomiendas.
- March 11 – Mexican Revolution: Venustiano Carranza is elected president of Mexico; the United States gives de jure recognition of his government.
- March 12 – The Russian Duma declares a Provisional Government.
- March 14 – WWI: The Republic of China terminates diplomatic relations with Germany.
- March 15 (N.S.) (March 2, O.S.) – Emperor Nicholas II of Russia abdicates his throne and his son's claims. This is considered to be the end of the Russian Empire, after 196 years.
- March 16 (N.S.) (March 3, O.S.) – Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia refuses the throne, and power passes to the newly formed Provisional Government, under Prince Georgy Lvov.
- March 25 – The Georgian Orthodox Church restores the autocephaly, abolished by Imperial Russia in 1811.
- March 26 – WWI – First Battle of Gaza: British Egyptian Expeditionary Force troops virtually encircle the Gaza garrison, but are then ordered to withdraw, leaving the city to the Ottoman defenders.
- March 30 – Hjalmar Hammarskjöld steps down as Prime Minister of Sweden; he is replaced by right-wing businessman and politician Carl Swartz.
- March 31 – The United States takes possession of the Danish West Indies, which become the US Virgin Islands, after paying $25 million to Denmark.
- April 2 – WWI: U.S. President Woodrow Wilson asks the United States Congress for a declaration of war on Germany.
- April 6 – WWI: The United States declares war on Germany.
- April 8 (N.S.) (March 26, O.S.) – In Petrograd, 40,000 ethnic Estonians demand national autonomy within Russia.
- April 9–May 16 – WWI – Battle of Arras: British Empire troops make a significant advance on the Western Front but are unable to achieve a breakthrough.
- April 9–12 – WWI: Canadian troops win the Battle of Vimy Ridge.
- April 10 – An ammunition factory explosion in Chester, Pennsylvania kills 133.
- April 11 – WWI: Brazil severs diplomatic relations with Germany.
- April 12 (N.S.) (March 30 O.S.) – The Autonomous Governorate of Estonia is formed within Russia, from the Governorate of Estonia and the northern part of the Governorate of Livonia.
- April 16
- April 17
- (N.S.) (April 4, O.S.) – Vladimir Lenin's April Theses are published. They become very influential in the following July Days and Bolshevik Revolution.
- WWI: The Egyptian Expeditionary Force begins the Second Battle of Gaza. This unsuccessful frontal attack on strong Ottoman defences along with the first battle, results in 10,000 casualties, the dismissal of force commander General Archibald Murray, and the beginning of the Stalemate in Southern Palestine.
- The Times and the Daily Mail (London newspapers both owned by Lord Northcliffe) print atrocity propaganda of the supposed existence of a German Corpse Factory.
- April 26 – WWI: The Agreement of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, between France, Italy and the United Kingdom, to settle interests in the Middle East, is signed.
- May 9 – WWI: The Nivelle Offensive is abandoned.
- May 13 – Nuncio Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pope Pius XII, is consecrated Archbishop by Pope Benedict XV.
- May 13–October 13 (at monthly intervals) – 10-year-old Lúcia Santos and her cousins Francisco and Jacinta Marto report experiencing a series of Marian apparitions near Fátima, Portugal, which become known as Our Lady of Fátima.
- May 15 – Robert Nivelle is replaced as Commander-in-Chief of the French Army, by Philippe Pétain.
- May 18 – WWI: The Selective Service Act passes the United States Congress, giving the President the power of conscription.
- May 21 – Over 300 acres (73 blocks) are destroyed in the Great Atlanta fire of 1917 in the United States.
- May 22
- May 23
- A month of civil violence in Milan, Italy ends, after the Italian army forcibly takes over the city from anarchists and anti-war revolutionaries; 50 people are killed and 800 arrested.
- WWI: During the Stalemate in Southern Palestine the Raid on the Beersheba to Hafir el Auja railway, by the British Desert Column, large sections of the railway line linking Beersheba to the main Ottoman desert base are destroyed.
- May 26 – A tornado strikes Mattoon, Illinois, causing devastation and killing 101 people.
- May 27 – WWI: Over 30,000 French troops refuse to go to the trenches at Missy-aux-Bois.
- May 27 – Pope Benedict XV promulgates the 1917 Code of Canon Law.
- June 1 – French Army Mutinies: A French infantry regiment seizes Missy-aux-Bois, and declares an anti-war military government. Other French army troops soon apprehend them.
- June 4 – The first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded: Laura E. Richards, Maud Howe Elliott and Florence Hall receive the first Pulitzer for a biography, (for Julia Ward Howe). Jean Jules Jusserand receives the first Pulitzer for history, for his work With Americans of Past and Present Days. Herbert Bayard Swope receives the first Pulitzer for journalism, for his work for the New York World.
- June 5 – WWI: Conscription begins in the United States.
- June 7 – WWI: Battle of Messines opens with the British Army detonating 19 ammonal mines under the German lines, killing 10,000 in the deadliest deliberate non-nuclear man-made explosion in history.
- June 8 – Speculator Mine disaster: A fire at the Granite Mountain and Speculator ore mine, outside Butte, Montana, kills at least 168 workers.
- June 11 – King Constantine I of Greece abdicates for the first time, being succeeded by his son Alexander.
- June 13 – WWI: The first major German bombing raid on London by fixed-wing aircraft leaves 162 dead and 432 injured.
- June 15 – The United States enacts the Espionage Act.
- July – The first Cottingley Fairies photographs are taken in Yorkshire, England, apparently depicting fairies(a hoax not admitted by the child creators until 1981).
- July 1
- July 2 – WWI: Greece joins the war on the side of the Allies.
- July 6 – WWI:
- July 7 – The Lions Clubs International is formed in the United States.
- July 8–13 – WWI – First Battle of Ramadi: British troops fail to take Ramadi from the Ottoman Empire; a majority of British casualties are due to extreme heat.
- July 12 – Bisbee Deportation: The Phelps Dodge Corporation deports over 1,000 suspected IWW members from Bisbee, Arizona.
- July 16–July 17 – Russian troops mutiny, abandon the Austrian front, and retreat to the Ukraine; hundreds are shot by their commanding officers during the retreat.
- July 16–July 18 – July Days: Serious clashes occur in Petrograd; Vladimir Lenin escapes to Finland; Leon Trotsky is arrested.
- July 17 – King George V of the United Kingdom issues a proclamation, stating that thenceforth the male line descendants of the British Royal Family will bear the surname Windsor, vice the Germanic bloodline of House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which is an offshoot of the historic (800+ years) House of Wettin.
- July 20
- The Parliament of Finland, with a Social Democratic majority, passes a "Sovereignty Act", declaring itself, as the representative of the Finnish people, sovereign over the Grand Principality of Finland. The Russian Provisional Government does not recognize the act, as it would have devolved Russian sovereignty over Finland, formerly exercised by the Russian Emperor as Grand Prince of Finland, and alter the relationship between Finland and Russia into a real union, with Russia solely responsible for the defence and foreign relations of an independent Finland.
- (July 7, O.S.) – Alexander Kerensky becomes premier of the Russian Provisional Government, replacing Prince Georgy Lvov.
- The Russian Provisional Government enacts women's suffrage.
- The Corfu Declaration, which enables the establishment of the post-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia, is signed by the Yugoslav Committee and the Kingdom of Serbia.
- July 20–July 28 – WWI: Austrian and German forces repulse the Russian advance into Galicia.
- July 25 – Sir William Thomas White introduces Canada's first income tax as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).
- July 28 – The Silent Parade is organized by the NAACP in New York City, to protest the East St. Louis riot of July 2, as well as lynchings in Tennessee and Texas.
- July 30 – The Parliament of Finland is dissolved by the Russian Provisional Government. New elections are held in the autumn, resulting in a bourgeois majority.
- July 31 – WWI – Battle of Passchendaele ("Third Battle of Ypres"): Allied offensive operations commence in Flanders.
- August – The Green Corn Rebellion, an uprising by several hundred farmers against the WWI draft, takes place in central Oklahoma.
- August 2 – Squadron Commander E.H. Dunning lands his aircraft on the ship HMS Furious in Scapa Flow, Orkney. He is killed 5 days later during another landing on the ship.
- August 3 – The New York Guard is founded.
- August 10 – A general strike begins in Spain; it is smashed after 3 days with 70 left dead, hundreds of wounded and 2,000 arrests.
- August 14 – The Republic of China declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary.
- August 17 – One of English literature's important meetings takes place, when Wilfred Owen introduces himself to Siegfried Sassoon at the Craiglockhart War Hospital in Edinburgh.
- August 18 – The Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917 in Greece destroys 32% of the city, leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
- August 29 – WWI: The Military Service Act is passed in the House of Commons of Canada, giving the Government of Canada the right to conscript men into the army.
- September 14 – Russia is declared a republic, by the Provisional Government.
- September 23 – Leon Trotsky is elected Chairman of the Petrograd Soviet.
- September 25 – The Mossovet (Moscow Soviet of People's Deputies) votes to side with the Bolsheviks.
- September 26–October 3 – WWI – Battle of Polygon Wood (part of the Battle of Passchendaele) near Ypres in Belgium: British and Australian troops capture positions from the Germans.
- September 28–29 – WWI – Second Battle of Ramadi: British troops take Ramadi from the Ottoman Empire.
- October 4 – WWI – Battle of Broodseinde near Ypres: British Imperial forces overpower the German 4th Army's defences.
- October 12 – WWI – First Battle of Passchendaele: Allies fail to take a German defensive position, with the biggest loss of life in a single day for New Zealand, over 800 of whose men and 45 officers are killed, roughly 1 in 1,000 of the nation's population at this time.
- October 12-19 – WWI – Operation Albion: German forces land on and capture the West Estonian archipelago.
- October 13 – The Miracle of the Sun is reported at Fátima, Portugal.
- October 15 – WWI: At Vincennes outside Paris, Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany.
- October 19
- October 23 – A Brazilian ship is destroyed by a German U-Boat, encouraging Brazil to enter World War I.
- October 24 WW1 – Battle of Caporetto: Austrian and German forces penetrate Italian lines as far south as the Piave River. It is the first major engagement for junior German officer Erwin Rommel.
- October 25 (O.S.) (November 7, N.S.) – Traditional beginning date of the October Revolution and Russian Civil War.
- October 26 – WWI: Brazil declares war against the Central Powers.
- October 27 – WWI – Battle of Buqqar Ridge: Ottoman forces attack British Desert Mounted Corps units garrisoning El-Buqqar Ridge, during the last days of the Stalemate in Southern Palestine.
- October 31 – WWI – Battle of Beersheba: The British XX Corps and Desert Mounted Corps (Egyptian Expeditionary Force) attack and capture Beersheba from Ottoman forces, ending the stalemate in Southern Palestine. The battle includes a rare (by this date) mounted charge, by Australian mounted infantry.
- November 1 – WWI:
- November 2 – Zionism: The British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour makes the Balfour Declaration, proclaiming British support for the "establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people..., it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities".
- November 5 (N.S.) (October 23, O.S.) – Estonian and Russian Bolsheviks seize power in Tallinn, Autonomous Governorate of Estonia, two days before the October Revolution in Petrograd.
- November 6
- WWI – Second Battle of Passchendaele: After 3 months of fierce fighting, Canadian forces take Passchendaele in Belgium (the battle concludes on November 10).
- WWI: The Battle of Hareira and Sheria is launched by the British XX Corps and Desert Mounted Corps, against the central Ottoman defences protecting the Gaza to Beersheba Road.
- Militants from Trotsky's committee join with trusty Bolshevik soldiers, to seize government buildings and pounce on members of the provisional government.
- November 7
- (N.S.) (October 25, O.S.) – October Revolution in Russia: The workers of the Petrograd Soviet in Russia, led by the Bolshevik Party and leader Vladimir Lenin, storm the Winter Palace and successfully destroy the Kerensky Provisional Government after less than eight months of rule. This immediately triggers the Russian Civil War.
- Iran (which has provided weapons for Russia) refuses to support the Allied Forces after the October Revolution.
- WWI – Third Battle of Gaza: The British Army XXI Corps occupies Gaza, after the Ottoman garrison withdraws.
- WWI: The Battle of Hareira and Sheria continues, when the XX Corps and Desert Mounted Corps capture Hareira and Sheria, marking the end of the Ottoman Gaza to Beersheba line.
- Women's Suffrage in the United States: Women win the right to vote in New York State.
- November 13 – WWI:
- Battle of Mughar Ridge: The Egyptian Expeditionary Force attacks retreating Yildirim Army Group forces, resulting in the capture of 10,000 Ottoman prisoners, 100 guns and 50 miles (80 km) of Palestine territory.
- The ANZAC Mounted Division (Desert Mounted Corps) successfully fights the Battle of Ayun Kara, in the aftermath of the Battle of Mughar Ridge against strong German rearguards.
- November 15
- "Night of Terror" in the United States: Influential suffragettes from the Silent Sentinels are deliberately subjected to physical assaults by guards while imprisoned.
- The Parliament of Finland passes another "Sovereignty Act", dissolving Russian sovereignty over Finland and effectively declaring Finland independent.
- (N.S.) (November 2, O.S.) – The Provincial Assembly of the Autonomous Governorate of Estonia declares itself the highest legal body in Estonia.
- November 16
- November 17
- WWI: Action of 17 November 1917: United States Navy destroyers USS Fanning and USS Nicholson capture Imperial German Navy U-boat SM U-58 off the south-west coast of Ireland, the first combat action in which U.S. ships take a submarine (which is then scuttled).
- WWI: The Battle of Jerusalem (1917) begins, with the Egyptian Expeditionary Force launching attacks against Ottoman forces in the Judean Hills.
- The People's Dispensary for Sick Animals is founded in the United Kingdom.
- November 20
- November 22 – In Montreal, Quebec, Canada, the National Hockey Association suspends operations.
- November 23 – The Bolsheviks release the full text of the previously secret Sykes–Picot Agreement of 1916 in Izvestia and Pravda; it is printed in the Manchester Guardian on November 26.
- November 24 – A bomb kills 9 members of the Milwaukee Police Department, the most deaths in a single event in U.S. police history (until the September 11 attacks in 2001).
- November 25 – WWI – Battle of Ngomano: German forces defeat a Portuguese army of about 1,200 at Negomano, on the border of modern-day Mozambique and Tanzania.
- November 26 – The National Hockey League is formed in Montreal, as a replacement for the recently disbanded National Hockey Association.
- November 28 – WWI: The Bolsheviks offer peace terms to the Germans.
- December – Annie Besant becomes president of the Indian National Congress.
- December 3 – After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic (the bridge partially collapsed on August 29, 1907 and September 11, 1916).
- December 6
- The Senate of Finland officially declares the country's independence from Russia.
- Halifax Explosion: Two freighters collide in Halifax Harbour at Halifax, Nova Scotia, and cause a huge explosion that kills at least 1,963 people, injures 9,000 and destroys part of the city (the biggest man-made explosion in recorded history until the Trinity nuclear test in 1945).
- WWI: U.S. Navy destroyer USS Jacob Jones is torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by German submarine U-53, killing 66 crew in the first significant American naval loss of the war.
- December 9 – WWI – Battle of Jerusalem: The British Egyptian Expeditionary Force accepts the surrender of Jerusalem by the mayor, Hussein al-Husayni, following the effective defeat of the Ottoman Empire's Yildirim Army Group.
- December 11 – WWI: General Edmund Allenby leads units of the British Egyptian Expeditionary Force into Jerusalem on foot through, the Jaffa Gate.
- December 17 – The Raad van Vlaanderen proclaims the independence of Flanders.
- December 20 – The Cheka, a predecessor to the KGB, is established in Russia.
- December 23 (N.S.) (February 23, O.S.) – A local plebiscite supports transferring Narva and Ivangorod (Jaanilinn) from the Petrograd Governorate, to the Autonomous Governorate of Estonia.
- December 25 – Jesse Lynch Williams' Why Marry?, the first dramatic play to win a Pulitzer Prize, opens at the Astor Theatre, New York City.
- December 26 – United States President Woodrow Wilson uses the Federal Possession and Control Act to place most U.S. railroads under the United States Railroad Administration, hoping to transport troops and materials for the war effort more efficiently.
- December 30 – WWI: The Egyptian Expeditionary Force secures the victory at the Battle of Jerusalem, by successfully defending Jerusalem from numerous Yildirim Army Group counterattacks.
- Following the October Revolution, Alexandra Kollontai is appointed People's Commissar for Social Welfare in the Council of People's Commissars of the Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the first woman cabinet minister in Europe.
- Women are permitted to stand in national elections in the Netherlands.
- The True Jesus Church is established in Beijing.
- Imokawa Mukuzo Genkanban no Maki (the first anime) is released in Japan.
1917 is the centennial year of the Gregoria's Calendar.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1
- January 2
- January 3
- January 5
- January 6 – Koo Chen-fu, Nationalist Chinese negotiator (d. 2005)
- January 10
- January 11
- January 12 – Jimmy Skinner, Detroit Red Wings head coach (d. 2007)
- January 15 – K. A. Thangavelu, Indian film actor, comedian (d. 1994)
- January 16
- January 17 – M. G. Ramachandran, Tamil Nadu chief minister, actor (d. 1987)
- January 19 – Graham Higman, British mathematician (d. 2008)
- January 21 – Erling Persson, Swedish businessman, founder of H&M (d. 2002)
- January 24 – Ernest Borgnine, American actor (d. 2012)
- January 25
- January 26
- January 29 – John Raitt, American actor, singer (d. 2005)
- February 1
- February 2
- February 3 – Shlomo Goren, Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Israel (d. 1994)
- February 4 – Yahya Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 1980)
- February 5 – Isuzu Yamada, Japanese actress (d. 2012)
- February 6
- February 9 – Joseph Conombo, Prime Minister of Upper Volta (d. 2008)
- February 11
- February 12 – Dom DiMaggio, American baseball player (d. 2009)
- February 14 – Herbert A. Hauptman, American mathematician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2011)
- February 15 – Meg Wyllie, American actress (d. 2002)
- February 17
- February 18 – Tuulikki Pietilä, Finnish artist (d. 2009)
- February 19 – Carson McCullers, American author (d. 1967)
- February 20
- February 21 – Lucille Bremer, American actress, dancer (d. 1996)
- February 23 – Abdelmunim Al-Rifai, 2-time Prime Minister of Jordan (d. 1985)
- February 25
- February 27
- February 28 – Ernesto Alonso, Mexican actor, director, cinematographer, and producer (d. 2007)
- March 1 – Robert Lowell, American poet (d. 1977)
- March 2
- March 3 – Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (d. 1952)
- March 4 – Clyde McCullough, American baseball catcher (d. 1982)
- March 5 – Raymond P. Shafer, Governor of Pennsylvania (d. 2006)
- March 6
- March 9 – Jack Laver, Tasmanian cricketer (d. 2017)
- March 10 – Zbigniew Ścibor-Rylski, Polish Brigadier General (d. 2018)
- March 12
- March 16 – Mehrdad Pahlbod, Iranian royal and politician (d. 2018)
- March 18 – Mircea Ionescu-Quintus, Romanian politician (d. 2017)
- March 19
- March 20
- March 21
- March 22 – Virginia Grey, American actress (d. 2004)
- March 23 – Kenneth Tobey, American actor (d. 2002)
- March 24
- March 26 – Rufus Thomas, American singer (d. 2001)
- March 27 – Cyrus Vance, American politician (d. 2002)
- March 29 – Man o' War, champion thoroughbred racehorse (d. 1947)
- April 1 – Sydney Newman, Canadian-born television producer (d. 1997)
- April 2 – Dabbs Greer, American actor (d. 2007)
- April 3 – Edward Rowny, American army lieutenant general (d. 2017)
- April 5 – Robert Bloch, American writer (d. 1994)
- April 7 – R. G. Armstrong, American actor (d. 2012)
- April 8
- April 9 – Brad Dexter, American actor (d. 2002)
- April 10
- April 11 – Morton Sobell, American spy
- April 13
- April 14
- April 15 – Hans Conried, American actor (d. 1982)
- April 16 – Barry Nelson, American actor (d. 2007)
- April 22 – Yvette Chauviré, French ballerina (d. 2016)
- April 23 – Dorian Leigh, American model (d. 2008)
- April 25 – Ella Fitzgerald, American jazz singer (d. 1996)
- April 26
- April 28
- April 29
- April 30 – Bea Wain, American singer (d. 2017)
- May 1
- May 3
- May 6 – Morihiro Higashikuni, Japanese prince (d. 1969)
- May 7 – David Tomlinson, English actor (d. 2000)
- May 8
- May 12 – Frank Clair, Canadian football coach (d. 2005)
- May 14 – Lou Harrison, American composer (d. 2003)
- May 15 – Jerzy Duszyński, Polish actor (d. 1978)
- May 16 – Juan Rulfo, Mexican writer, photographer (d. 1986)
- May 20 – Bergur Sigurbjörnsson, Icelandic politician (d. 2005)
- May 21 – Raymond Burr, Canadian actor, best known for his role in Perry Mason (d. 1993)
- May 22
- May 24 – Florence Knoll, American architect, furniture designer
- May 25 – Theodore Hesburgh, American priest, educator (d. 2015)
- May 28
- May 29 – John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States (d. 1963)
- May 31 – Zilka Salaberry, Brazilian actress (d. 2005)
- June 1 – William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)
- June 2 – Max Showalter, American actor, musician (d. 2000)
- June 3 – Leo Gorcey, American actor (d. 1969)
- June 4
- June 6 – Kirk Kerkorian, Armenian-American businessman, billionaire (d. 2015)
- June 7
- June 8
- June 9 – Eric Hobsbawm, British historian (d. 2012)
- June 10
- June 13– Augusto Roa Bastos, Paraguayan writer (d. 2005)
- June 14
- June 15
- June 16
- June 17
- June 18
- June 19
- June 21 – Leslie Shepard, British author, archivist, and curator (d. 2004)
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26 – Idriz Ajeti, Albanian albanologist
- June 28 – A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist, playwright, and biographer
- June 29 – Ling Yun, Chinese politician (d. 2018)
- June 30
- July 1
- July 2 – André Lafargue, French journalist, resistance fighter (d. 2017)
- July 3 – Donald Wills Douglas, Jr., American industrialist, sportsman (d. 2004)
- July 4 – Manolete, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1947)
- July 5 – Kathleen Gemberling Adkison, American abstract painter (d. 2010)
- July 6
- July 7
- July 8 – Pamela Brown, English actress (d. 1975)
- July 9
- July 10
- July 11 – Per Carleson, Swedish épée fencer (d. 2004)
- July 12
- July 14 – Frank Vigar, English cricketer (d. 2004)
- July 15
- July 16 – Alex Urban, American football player (d. 2007)
- July 17
- July 18
- July 19 – William Scranton, American politician (d. 2013)
- July 20
- July 21
- July 22
- July 23 – Omar Yoke Lin Ong, Malaysian politician, diplomat and businessman (d. 2010)
- July 24
- July 25 – Fritz Honegger, 79th President of Switzerland (d. 1999)
- July 26 – Lorna Gray, American actress (d. 2017)
- July 29 – Rochus Misch, German bodyguard of Adolf Hitler (d. 2013)
- July 30 – Keith Rae, Australian rules footballer
- August 3
- August 6 – Robert Mitchum, American actor (d. 1997)
- August 7 – Raja Perempuan Zainab, Queen of Malaysia (d. 1993)
- August 8 – Earl Cameron, Bermudian actor
- August 9 – Jao Tsung-I, Chinese-born Hong Kong scholar, poet, calligrapher and painter (d. 2018)
- August 11
- August 12 – Marjorie Reynolds, American actress (d. 1997)
- August 14 – Marty Glickman, American sports announcer (d. 2001)
- August 15
- August 17 – Zvi Keren, American-born Israeli pianist, musicologist and composer (d. 2008)
- August 18 – Caspar Weinberger, United States Secretary of Defense (d. 2006)
- August 21 – Esther Cooper Jackson, African-American civil rights activist
- August 22
- August 23 – Hu Chengzhi, Chinese palaeontologist, palaeoanthropologist (d. 2018)
- August 25
- August 28 – Jack Kirby, American comic book artist (d. 1994)
- August 29 – Isabel Sanford, African-American actress, best known for her role in The Jeffersons (d. 2004)
- August 30 – Denis Healey, English politician, author (d. 2015)
- September 5 – Art Rupe, American music industry executive, record producer
- September 6 – Philipp von Boeselager, German Wehrmacht officer, failed assassin of Adolf Hitler (d. 2008)
- September 7
- September 10 – Miguel Serrano, Chilean diplomat, explorer and journalist (d. 2009)
- September 11
- September 13 – Robert Ward, American composer (d. 2013)
- September 15
- September 17 – Henry Pearce, Australian politician
- September 18 – June Foray, American voice actress best known for "Rocky and Bullwinkle" (d. 2017)
- September 20
- September 22 – Anna Campori, Italian actress (d. 2018)
- September 23 – El Santo, Mexican professional wrestler and actor (d. 1984)
- September 24 – Otto Günsche, German general (d. 2003)
- September 25 – Johnny Sain, American baseball player (d. 2006)
- September 27 – Louis Auchincloss, American novelist (d. 2010)
- October 2
- October 3 – Les Schwab, American businessman (d. 2007)
- October 5 – Allen Ludden, American game show host (d. 1981)
- October 7 – June Allyson, American actress (d. 2006)
- October 8
- October 9 – Don Marion Davis, American child actor
- October 10 – Thelonious Monk, African-American jazz pianist (d. 1982)
- October 11 – J. Edward McKinley, American actor (d. 2004)
- October 13 – George Virl Osmond, Osmond family patriarch (d. 2007)
- October 15
- October 16 – Alice Pearce, American actress (d. 1966)
- October 17
- October 19 – Walter Munk, Austrian-born American oceanographer
- October 20
- October 21 – Dizzy Gillespie, African-American musician (d. 1993)
- October 22 – Joan Fontaine, British-born actress (d. 2013)
- October 27 – Oliver Tambo, South African activist, revolutionary (d. 1993)
- October 28
- October 30
- November 1
- November 2
- November 4
- November 5 – Jacqueline Auriol, French aviator (d. 2000)
- November 6 – Harlan Warde, American actor (d. 1980)
- November 11
- November 12
- November 13
- November 14 – Park Chung-hee, former president of South Korea (d. 1979)
- November 18 – Pedro Infante, Mexican actor, singer (d. 1957)
- November 19 – Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (d. 1984)
- November 20 – Robert Byrd, U.S. senator from West Virginia, President pro tempore of the United States Senate (d. 2010)
- November 22 – Andrew Huxley, English scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2012)
- November 24 – Shabtai Rosenne, British-born Israeli diplomat, jurist (d. 2010)
- November 25 – Stanley Wilson, American musician (d. 1970)
- November 27 – Buffalo Bob Smith, American children's television host (d. 1998)
- November 28
- November 29 – Pierre Gaspard-Huit, French film director, screenwriter (d. 2017)
- December 4 – Arthur B. Singer, American wildlife artist (d. 1990)
- December 5 – Wenche Foss, Norwegian actress (d. 2011)
- December 6
- December 7 – Hurd Hatfield, American actor (d. 1998)
- December 9 – James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
- December 10 – Sultan Yahya Petra of Kelantan, King of Malaysia (d. 1979)
- December 12 – Margaret Marquis, Canadian-American actress
- December 13 – John Hart, American actor (d. 2009)
- December 15
- December 16
- December 18 – Ossie Davis, African-American actor, film director and activist (d. 2005)
- December 19 – Paul Brinegar, American actor (d. 1995)
- December 20
- December 21
- December 22
- December 25 – Lincoln Verduga Loor, Ecuadorian journalist, politician (d. 2009)
- December 27 – Onni Palaste, Finnish writer (d. 2009)
- December 28 – Ellis Clarke, President of Trinidad and Tobago (d. 2010)
- December 29 – Ramanand Sagar, Indian film director (d. 2005)
- December 30 – Seymour Melman, American industrial engineer (d. 2004)
- December 31 – Suzy Delair, French actress, singer
- Hazza' al-Majali, 2-time Prime Minister of Jordan (d. 1960)
- Guillermo Sánchez Boix, Spanish cartoonist (d. 1960)
- Huang Yao, Chinese artist (d. 1987)
- January 2 – Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist (b. 1832)
- January 4 – Frederick Selous, British explorer (b. 1851)
- January 6
- January 8
- January 10 – William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody, American frontiersman (b. 1846)
- January 16 – George Dewey, U.S. admiral (b. 1837)
- January 18 – Andrew Murray, South African author, educationist and pastor (b. 1828)
- February 5 – Jaber II Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1860)
- February 8 – Anton Haus, Austro-Hungarian admiral (b. 1851)
- February 10 – John William Waterhouse, Italian-born artist (b. 1849)
- February 21
- March 5 – Manuel de Arriaga, 1st President of Portugal (b. 1840)
- March 6 – Jules Vandenpeereboom, 17th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1843)
- March 8 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general, inventor (b. 1838)
- March 17 – Franz Brentano, German philosopher, psychologist (b. 1838)
- March 31 – Emil von Behring, German winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1854)
- April 1 – Scott Joplin, African-American composer, pianist (b. 1867)
- April 6 – Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia (b. 1893)
- April 7 – George Brown, British missionary (b. 1835)
- April 8 – Richard Olney, American politician (b. 1835)
- April 13 – Diamond Jim Brady, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1856)
- April 14 – L. L. Zamenhof, Polish creator of Esperanto (b. 1859)
- April 15 – János Murkovics, Slovene teacher, writer in Hungary (b. 1839)
- April 29 – Queen Tehaapapa III, Tahitian queen (b. 1879)
- May 7 – Albert Ball, British World War I fighter ace, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1896)
- May 17
- May 20 – Philipp von Ferrary, Italian stamp collector (b. 1850)
- May 23 – Queen Ranavalona III of Madagascar (b. 1855)
- May 24 – Les Darcy, Australian boxer (b. 1895)
- May 25
- May 29 – Kate Harrington, American teacher, writer, and poet (b. 1831)
- June 5 – Karl Emil Schäfer, German World War I fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1891)
- June 14 – Thomas W. Benoist, American aviator, aircraft designer and manufacturer, founder of the world's first scheduled airline (b. 1874)
- June 17 – José Manuel Pando, 25th President of Bolivia (b. 1849)
- June 18 – Titu Maiorescu, Romanian politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1840)
- June 26 – John Dunville, British Army officer (killed in action) (b. 1896)
- June 27 – Karl Allmenröder, German World War I fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1896)
- June 29 – Frans Schollaert, 19th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1851)
- June 30 – Antonio de La Gándara, French painter (b. 1861)
- July 2 – Herbert Beerbohm Tree, British actor (b. 1852)
- July 8 – Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
- July 12 – Donald Cunnell, British World War I fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1893)
- July 16 – Philipp Scharwenka, Polish-German composer (b. 1847)
- July 27 – Emil Kocher, Swiss medical researcher, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1841)
- July 28
- July 31
- August 3
- August 7 – Edwin Harris Dunning, British aviator (b. 1892)
- August 13 – Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1860)
- August 17 – John W. Kern, American Democratic politician (b. 1849)
- August 20 – Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1835)
- August 30 – Alan Leo, British astrologer (b. 1860)
- September 9
- September 11 – Georges Guynemer, French World War I fighter ace (missing in action) (b. 1894)
- September 15 – Kurt Wolff, German World War I fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1895)
- September 23 – Werner Voss, German World War I fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1897)
- September 27 – Edgar Degas, French painter (b. 1834)
- September 30 – Patricio Montojo y Pasarón, Spanish admiral (b. 1839)
- October 4 – Dave Gallaher, New Zealand rugby union football player (killed in action) (b. 1873)
- October 9 – Sultan Hussein Kamel of Egypt (b. 1853)
- October 11 – Duke Philipp of Wurttemberg (b. 1838)
- October 13 – Florence La Badie, American actress (accident) (b. 1888)
- October 15 – Mata Hari, Dutch dancer, spy (executed) (b. 1876)
- October 17 – Bobby Atherton, Welsh footballer (b. 1876)
- October 22 – Bob Fitzsimmons, British boxer, World Heavyweight Champion (b. 1863)
- October 23 – Eugène Grasset, Swiss artist (b. 1845)
- October 27 – Arthur Rhys-Davids, British fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1897)
- October 28 – Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (b. 1831)
- October 30 – Heinrich Gontermann, German fighter ace (flying accident) (b. 1896)
- November 3 – Frederick Rodgers, American admiral (b. 1842)
- November 8 – Colin Blythe, English cricketer (b. 1879)
- November 11 – Queen Liliuokalani, last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii (b. 1838)
- November 15 – Émile Durkheim, French sociologist (b. 1858)
- November 17
- December 8 – Mendele Mocher Sforim, Russian Yiddish, Hebrew writer (b. 1836)
- December 10 – Mackenzie Bowell, 5th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1823)
- December 12 – Andrew Taylor Still, American father of osteopathy (b. 1828)
- December 19 – Richard Maybery, British fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1895)
- December 20 – Eric Campbell, Scottish actor (accident) (b. 1879)
- December 22 – Frances Xavier Cabrini, first American canonized as a saint (b. 1850)
- December 24 – Ivan Goremykin, Russian statesman, former Prime Minister (b. 1839)
- December 28 – Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1892)
- Physics – Charles Glover Barkla
- Chemistry – not awarded
- Medicine – not awarded
- Literature – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Henrik Pontoppidan
- Peace – International Committee of the Red Cross
- MacLeod, Duncan (2006-08-14). "UK train accidents in which passengers were killed 1825-1924". PureCollector. Retrieved 2017-12-06.
- SA Legion – Atteridgeville Branch. "The SS Mendi – A Historical Background". Navy News. South African Navy. Retrieved 20 November 2008.
- Pravda.[full citation needed]
- L'Osservatore Romano, Weekly Edition in English, 12/19 August 1998, p. 9.
- Seton-Watson, Christopher (1967). Italy from Liberalism to Fascism: 1870 to 1925. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd. pp. 468–9.
- "Greece declares war on Central Powers". history.com. History. Archived from the original on 2015-04-01.
- "Minorpowers, Greece". firstworldwar.com. Archived from the original on 2015-03-14.
- "Suffrage Wins by 100,000 in State; Kings by 32,640". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 7, 1917. p. 1.
- Naval History & Heritage Command. "Jacob Jones". DANFS. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
- Williams, John. The Other Battleground The Home Fronts: Britain, France and Germany 1914-1918 (1972) pp 175-242.