1910 United States Census

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Thirteenth Census
of the United States
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
General information
CountryUnited States
Date takenApril 15, 1910
Total population92,228,496
Percent changeIncrease 21.0%
Most populous stateNew York
9,113,614
Least populous stateNevada
81,875

The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.

Census questions[edit]

The 1910 census collected the following information:[1]

  • address
  • name
  • relationship to head of family
  • sex
  • race
  • age
  • marital status and, if married, number of years of present marriage
  • for women, number of children born and number now living
  • place of birth and mother tongue of person, and their parents
  • if foreign born, year of immigration; whether naturalized; whether able to speak English and, if unable, language spoken
  • occupation, industry and class of worker
  • if an employee, whether out of work during year
  • literacy
  • school attendance
  • whether home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether mortgaged
  • whether farm or house
  • whether a survivor of Union or Confederate Army or Navy
  • whether blind, deaf or dumb

Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Column titles[edit]

The column titles in the census form are as follows:

LOCATION.Street, avenue, road, etc.
House number (in cities or towns).
1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation.
2. Number of family in order of visitation.


3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family.

Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.

Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910.


RELATION.

4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.


PERSONAL DESCRIPTION.

5. Sex.

6. Color or race.

7. Age at last birthday.

8. Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.

9. Number of years of present marriage.

10. Mother of how many children: Number born.

11. Mother of how many children: Number now living.


NATIVITY.

Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country.

12. Place of birth of this Person.

13. Place of birth of Father of this person.

14. Place of birth of Mother of this person.


CITIZENSHIP.

15. Year of immigration to the United States.

16. Whether naturalized or alien.


17. Whether able to speak English; or, if not, give language spoken.


OCCUPATION.

18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, salesman, laborer, etc.,

19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc.

20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account.


If an employee—21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.

22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909.


EDUCATION.

23. Whether able to read.

24. Whether able to write.

25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909.


OWNERSHIP OF HOME.

26. Owned or rented.

27. Owned free or mortgaged.

28. Farm or house.

29. Number of farm schedule.


30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy.


31. Whether blind (both eyes).


32. Whether deaf and dumb.


State rankings[edit]

RankStatePopulation
1New York9,113,614
2Pennsylvania7,665,111
3Illinois5,638,591
4Ohio4,767,121
5Texas3,896,542
6Massachusetts3,366,416
7Missouri3,293,335
8Michigan2,810,173
9Indiana2,700,876
10Georgia2,609,121
11New Jersey2,537,167
12California2,377,549
13Wisconsin2,333,860
14Kentucky2,289,905
15Iowa2,224,771
16North Carolina2,206,287
17Tennessee2,184,789
18Alabama2,138,093
19Minnesota2,075,708
20Virginia2,061,612
21Mississippi1,797,114
22Kansas1,690,949
23Oklahoma1,657,155
24Louisiana1,656,388
25Arkansas1,574,449
26South Carolina1,515,400
27Maryland1,295,346
28West Virginia1,221,119
29Nebraska1,192,214
30Washington1,141,990
31Connecticut1,114,756
32Colorado799,024
33Florida752,619
34Maine742,371
35Oregon672,765
36South Dakota583,888
37North Dakota577,056
38Rhode Island542,610
39New Hampshire430,572
40Montana376,053
41Utah373,351
42Vermont355,956
xDistrict of Columbia331,069
43Idaho325,594
44Delaware202,322
45Wyoming145,965
46Nevada81,875

Special Notation

In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona, Alaska and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union. The 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would bemodified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged, then (43) New Mexico, (44) Idaho, (45) Arizona, (46) Delaware, (47) Hawaii, (48) Wyoming, (49) Nevada and (50) Alaska.

City rankings[edit]

RankCityStatePopulation[2]Region (2016)[3]
01New YorkNew York4,766,883Northeast
02ChicagoIllinois2,185,283Midwest
03PhiladelphiaPennsylvania1,549,008Northeast
04St. LouisMissouri687,029Midwest
05BostonMassachusetts670,585Northeast
06ClevelandOhio560,663Midwest
07BaltimoreMaryland558,485South
08PittsburghPennsylvania533,905Northeast
09DetroitMichigan465,766Midwest
10BuffaloNew York423,715Northeast
11San FranciscoCalifornia416,912West
12MilwaukeeWisconsin373,857Midwest
13CincinnatiOhio363,591Midwest
14NewarkNew Jersey347,469Northeast
15New OrleansLouisiana339,075South
16WashingtonDistrict of Columbia331,069South
17Los AngelesCalifornia319,198West
18MinneapolisMinnesota301,408Midwest
19Jersey CityNew Jersey267,779Northeast
20Kansas CityMissouri248,381Midwest
21SeattleWashington237,194West
22IndianapolisIndiana233,650Midwest
23ProvidenceRhode Island224,326Northeast
24LouisvilleKentucky223,928South
25RochesterNew York218,149Northeast
26Saint PaulMinnesota214,744Midwest
27DenverColorado213,381West
28PortlandOregon207,214West
29ColumbusOhio181,511Midwest
30ToledoOhio168,497Midwest
31AtlantaGeorgia154,839South
32OaklandCalifornia150,174West
33WorcesterMassachusetts145,986Northeast
34SyracuseNew York137,249Northeast
35New HavenConnecticut133,605Northeast
36BirminghamAlabama132,685South
37MemphisTennessee131,105South
38ScrantonPennsylvania129,867Northeast
39RichmondVirginia127,628South
40PatersonNew Jersey125,600Northeast
41OmahaNebraska124,096Midwest
42Fall RiverMassachusetts119,295Northeast
43DaytonOhio116,577Midwest
44Grand RapidsMichigan112,571Midwest
45NashvilleTennessee110,364South
46LowellMassachusetts106,294Northeast
47CambridgeMassachusetts104,839Northeast
48SpokaneWashington104,402West
49BridgeportConnecticut102,054Northeast
50AlbanyNew York100,253Northeast
51HartfordConnecticut98,915Northeast
52TrentonNew Jersey96,815Northeast
53New BedfordMassachusetts96,652Northeast
54San AntonioTexas96,614South
55ReadingPennsylvania96,071Northeast
56CamdenNew Jersey94,538Northeast
57Salt Lake CityUtah92,777West
58DallasTexas92,104South
59LynnMassachusetts89,336Northeast
60SpringfieldMassachusetts88,926Northeast
61WilmingtonDelaware87,411South
62Des MoinesIowa86,368Midwest
63LawrenceMassachusetts85,892Northeast
64TacomaWashington83,743West
65Kansas CityKansas82,331Midwest
66YonkersNew York79,803Northeast
67YoungstownOhio79,066Midwest
68HoustonTexas78,800South
69DuluthMinnesota78,466Midwest
70St. JosephMissouri77,403Midwest
71SomervilleMassachusetts77,236Northeast
72TroyNew York76,813Northeast
73UticaNew York74,419Northeast
74ElizabethNew Jersey73,409Northeast
75Fort WorthTexas73,312South
76WaterburyConnecticut73,141Northeast
77SchenectadyNew York72,826Northeast
78HobokenNew Jersey70,324Northeast
79ManchesterNew Hampshire70,063Northeast
80EvansvilleIndiana69,647Midwest
81AkronOhio69,067Midwest
82NorfolkVirginia67,452South
83Wilkes-BarrePennsylvania67,105Northeast
84PeoriaIllinois66,950Midwest
85EriePennsylvania66,525Northeast
86SavannahGeorgia65,064South
87Oklahoma CityOklahoma64,205South
88HarrisburgPennsylvania64,186Northeast
89Fort WayneIndiana63,933Midwest
90CharlestonSouth Carolina58,833South
91PortlandMaine58,571Northeast
92East St. LouisIllinois58,547Midwest
93Terre HauteIndiana58,157Midwest
94HolyokeMassachusetts57,730Northeast
95JacksonvilleFlorida57,699South
96BrocktonMassachusetts56,878Northeast
97BayonneNew Jersey55,545Northeast
98JohnstownPennsylvania55,482Northeast
99PassaicNew Jersey54,773Northeast
100South BendIndiana53,684Midwest

Data availability[edit]

An example of a 1910 U.S. census form with August H. Runge

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed.[4] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.

Microdata from the 1910 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  2. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998 
  3. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 9, 2016. 
  4. ^ Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets" (PDF). Retrieved May 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]